The Beginner’s Guide to Growing Mushrooms from ScratchThe Beginner’s Guide to Growing Mushrooms from Scratch
Go into a fancy restaurant. Take a look at the menu. How many do you see that has mushroomed as one of the ingredients? Mushrooms are making a comeback nowadays. These recent years mushroom cultivation has become some sort of artisanal. More and more people are becoming interested in how to cultivate these globs. It would come to no surprise when some might even say that mushroom cultivation is enjoying a renaissance these past years.
Perhaps one of the many reasons why people just become hooked in mushroom cultivation is the fact that it is practically easy to grow, with less amount of energy and cost expended. On the marketing side, the market is steadily growing, prompting even homemakers to have their garden of mushrooms.
Whether you want to know how to grow shroms or mushrooms for personal consumption or part of your entrepreneurial endeavor, there is no argument in saying that these little jewels are versatile ingredients in cooking.
Temperature and Humidity. These two factors are important when growing your batch of mushrooms backyard, or in any place for that matter. Mushrooms need to be placed in a cool place to healthily thrive. They also need to have humid surroundings as they use moisture from the environment to nourish themselves.
With these in mind, the best time to cultivate mushrooms is during the spring or fall season. These seasons provide the most conducive temperature for optimum mushroom growth. Other than that these seasons give you the much-needed leeway so you can grow mushrooms without too much effort. Since it is cool during these seasons, but not too cold, you don’t need to adjust the temperature of the room or place where you are growing your mushrooms.
Mushrooms are not picky in terms of their habitat. As long as you have sufficed their requirements, they are good to go. Well, you need to think of the ambient moisture. Of course, you don’t want your mushrooms to wilt before they reach the market, do you? Not only that, but you also need to take note of the moisture in the substrates too. If the wood onto which they are attached becomes to dry, this result in early wilting too.
Different strokes for different folks. Well, in this case, it’s the mushrooms. Different kinds of mushrooms have different needs too. That is why some are rarer than others. For example, shitake mushrooms would require a growing log after the grains have been incubated. These types of fungi need special monitoring as the temperature is vital to achieving the best growth.
As mentioned earlier, humidity plays a special role. That is why it is important that you can somehow control this. But then again, you don’t have to put a special tent or building for this. The root of everything lies in the fact that you need to grow them within the four walls of any darkroom to give them a head start in the temperature and humidity part.
The type of substrate is also important. Different kinds of mushrooms require different kinds of substrates. An example, use wheat straw or cottonseed hulls or a combination of both when you want to cultivate oyster or button mushrooms.
Growing your mushrooms do not need lengthy calculations. The formula is very simple. Find the perfect temperature, moisture, and substrate, and your mushroom garden will bloom. And that means big bucks or healthier food for you and your family.
The Secrets to Mushroom Growing
They often need less care and require growing conditions that potentially allow even a person in a city to grow them. Did you know, for example, that mushrooms can be grown in your flat? I know of city residents who have grown mushrooms in a box in their homes. Of course, if you live in the countryside you have the option of growing mushrooms on a far larger scale, simply because you have so much more space available. But even if you live in the city, and have a garden shed, you could grow your mushrooms in it.
Now, all mushroom growing takes is some growth medium and some mushroom spores or spawn, as they are also called. Yes, that’s all that it takes to grow mushrooms. Now, while mushrooms may not take too much space, and may not require too much care, the ambiance you provide them with can be all-important.
Mushrooms do not like light, so make sure you keep light away from them. If you’re growing them inside your house, you can grow them in a closed box that will keep the light out, and the temperature inside the box stable. If you are growing them in a shed or your greenhouse, you will need to ensure that there is a very minimum of light falling on them, and also that you exclude draughts. You will also need to maintain a stable temperature range because mushrooms are very susceptible to changes in temperature. If you do not maintain a stable temperature range, and it varies beyond around fifty to sixty degrees on the Fahrenheit scale, your mushrooms are in trouble.
On the other hand that’s all that it takes to grow mushrooms. You just need spawn and the growing medium. Place the spawn in the growing medium and place it in a dark, moist place. Water it regularly every day, and pretty soon your mushrooms will be ready for harvest.
Care to Grow Mushrooms? Here’s What You Need to Know
Are you the one who wants to join in the bandwagon and cultivate your patch of mushrooms?
There is no surprise to that. Mushroom cultivation has been like the mushrooms themselves. People who are interested in this kind of business have been popping out. Perhaps one of the reasons why this has garnered so much interest is the availability of the supplies needed so that one can cultivate edible mushrooms.
Not only that, but the way to cultivate edible mushrooms is also easy breezy. The technique in planting the spores has not changed for quite some time. Ever wonder why this is so? The answer is as simple as the nose on your face- the technique is simple, effective, and very straightforward. If the technique, though old can be quite effective, why revise it in the first place, right?
When cultivating these mushrooms, you have to know some information about mushrooms. Well, for starters, it grows in damp and dark places. Even the location is simple. An area in your basement can be used to cultivate your first batch of mushrooms. You do not need fancy buildings and the likes to grow these little globs of gems. Ever wonder what you should do first? Read on to know what starters like you should do.
Do not pick up the plastic bags first and start thinking about how many mushroom heads you can sell. The first thing that you need to procure is a pure culture. What is pure culture, anyway? Well, in mushroom lingua, pure culture is the mycelium or the life source of your mushrooms. You need to determine that that certain mycelium is indeed edible. The mycelium must be present because this will produce those whitish globs of goodness. In reality, the mushrooms that you and I eat are the fruiting body of the fungi.
As mentioned earlier, you need to get a culture of the mushroom species that you wish to cultivate. Do not apply the mycelium directly to your substrate. You need to culture the mycelium in a petri dish laden with agar. Agar would be the medium onto which the mycelium would attach eventually grow. Your agar can be mixed with nutrient-rich ingredients such as molasses. This further enhances the growth of your mushrooms. Once you have established your mycelium, you are now ready to develop your grain spawn.
To create your grain spawn is simple. You add the pure culture to the rye grains. The rye grains would act as the inoculating agent when you want to make large batches of grain spawn. Don’t worry for it only takes 10 days to prep the rye grains up. You need to immediately use these as the mycelium does not stop growing. The technique here is to make the grains for large batches is to keep on inoculating grains into the pure strain so you keep on having grain spawn by batches.
This technique is cost-effective too! Adding one jar of rye grains into the pure culture will produce 10 jars of grain spawn. Just think of how many jars of grain spawn you can produce by providing 10 jars of grains? That is about more than a hundred jars of grain spawn.
Now you are ready to transfer your seeds to the last substrate. You can either choose wheat straw or wood chips. Wood chips do not need to be sterilized. You can directly add the gain spawn into it. Using a wheat straw is an entirely different story.
When using wheat straw, you need to sterilize the straw first and then you need to use polyethylene bags of the same size to cover the substrate. Wait a little bit and then you can bow harvest your mushrooms. It is as easy as that.
Where Do Mushrooms Grow?
Edible mushrooms enthusiasts think of how mushrooms come about and where do they grow. Unlike plants that are grown from seeds and make use of sunlight and water to grow, mushrooms are just the fruiting bodies of fungi species.
They are the organs of fungi that are responsible for reproduction. Mushrooms are comparable to the ones growing on the concrete that holds together bathroom tiles. It is the way to spread fungal spores. A basic cloning technique should be used in culturing mushrooms instead of making use of wild spores. It is more efficient than waiting for wild spores to meet.
Mushrooms are often found on the surface of decaying logs and dead tree stumps. Some are even found germinating from the ground itself. Fungi grow in damp, dark places as long as there are moisture and source of carbohydrates. So they can grow on a large mound of disintegrating grasses. The main body of fungi is called mycelium. It is responsible for colonizing a substrate. It is a large bunch of hyphae or a thread-like component that spread and grows as fungi become more robust. Mycelium is responsible for nutrient transport and various other chemical processes that enable fungi to survive. Without it, mushrooms will not grow. In the case where mushrooms do not emerge, mycelium is just waiting for a signal from the environment before it begins pinning. Pinning means the sudden formation of small, egg-like structures that would later become mushrooms.
Different substrates are used to cultivate different mushrooms. Oyster mushrooms grow on sterilized straws while shitake mushrooms are on logs and wood chips. Many of these mushroom substrates are free of charge. You don’t have to spend a huge amount of money for it. You can just ask for waste wood chips and look on the roads for cut hardwood trees. Just make sure that you have prepared the incubating area for your substrates.