Table of Contents
- 1 Conditions Living Ecosystem in Ecological Garden
Conditions Living Ecosystem in Ecological Garden
Who would have the idea (conditions), of planting a water lily in the middle of his lawn or a coconut tree in his orchard, certainly nobody, but many are concerned about the “bad” herbs that strive to colonize the open spaces of the garden, molehills appearing in the grass or caterpillars which graze the leaves of cabbages and fruit trees.
What report will you say?
Let’s go early in the morning to discover our “ecosystem garden “, Open mind and curious eye.
The rain of the night went away. Under the plum, in the short grass, hundreds of small worms * of earthworms appeared. A dark bird spotted a curious double pink tube which, failing to ensure the descent of the earthworms, will benefit that of the family merle.
How many are these earthworms earth eaters?
Thousands in this small piece of orchard, digging kilometers of galleries that will aerate the ground, will promote the infiltration of water, the passage of the roots, pulling at night fallen leaves in the depths of the soil, essential agents of the recycling of organic matter, craftsmen unknown soil fertility and incidentally a source of protein for blackbirds, shrews, owls, ground beetles or badgers. Nearby, where the ground has been crushed by the works of the years past, the worms seem much less numerous, the large leaves rumexes begin to turn brown, a large white butterfly was suspended for the night, a cabbage stonewort, which will not unfurl its wings, victim of a crab spider color rust, mimicry amazing and effective.
What is the knowledge of species, the understanding of their needs and their relationships with their community help us to better garden? Just spend a few moments in a garden to discover a whole life that, known or unknown, desired or not, is activated outside our control, using space, weaving links and the complex relationships that make this place unique, constantly evolving, likely to open the door of a better understanding to manage a small piece of land that we have, for some time, responsibility.
During the course in the garden, findings and questions followed one another. In the part of the vegetable garden where the soil was packed, rumex and a thistle settled in the place chickens and veronicas. In the cabbage line, only the leaves of the first, planted flush of the alley, are devoured by caterpillars in full health. On the others, tiny remains dried show that they have not developed, victims of parasitic wasp attacks. Last year, other caterpillars had completely defoliated, just before the drought, a young plum tree this year is in full vigor. How could new plants be established if the worms, moles or voles did not go up this land, free from all competition, a starting point for dormant seeds? So many observations that everyone can make and who, if you stop a little, show us the great complexity of nature, where relationships between living beings are not limited to eat who.
A settlement can lead to the emergence of new plants that, surprisingly, will be able to buy their powerful root system to restore in a few years a circulation of air and water interrupted. A micro-climate a little too dry will see a plant ravaged by “parasites” that do will not develop on the rest of the line. The seemingly catastrophic loss of the foliage of a tree can oddly allow it to go through a period of severe drought by avoiding death from dehydration. Are the host/parasite relationships always the ones we imagine and should not we, from time to time, take the time to stop, to watch, to observe, to wait for a little before acting?
Let’s think of all this little world working 24 hours a day on our soils, on our plants, in our garden, give them a little attention and, modestly, let’s try to learn to work with them. How much are we to go to see, after dark, if the hedgehog is not hunting for slugs?
To return to our introductory examples, species that settle spontaneously are best adapted to the situation of the place and the moment. They reflect a passing state and can we serve as indicators to better understand the particularities of our garden. Let’s find the plants that will have similar needs and install them in the place which will be most favorable to them or recreate the conditions that will be necessary for them. The water lily will flourish in the middle of the lawn if we have installed a pond and coconut will spend the winter without problems in an air-conditioned orchard, the question of scale, means and sometimes of excess … Let’s try to remain modest, the complexity of life goes beyond our logic.
Our garden is the scene of multiple relationships, staging many actors, some appreciated, others less, but all have their place. To become the leader orchestra, to make good decisions, get to know them, our understanding of world is still very superficial but our actions are not insignificant.
which practices for which objectives?
According to the “organic” gardeners, this type of gardening is interesting and exciting. Nevertheless, its implementation requires a good knowledge of the world of life and inter-species relationships (plant/predator relationships, plants/auxiliaries…). Technical solutions to a given problem are not always obvious and easy to implement for the amateur gardener. He will often have to be patient to obtain satisfactory results.
By this practice, the gardener cares not only about his health and its close environment, but it is also trying to take into account the criteria of “sustainability” (sustainable development) in the choice of products he uses. In particular, he will first seek to enhance the resources available in or near the garden before to go to his garden or in the shops. And when he goes there, it will look for products made from renewable resources, with clean technologies, where possible locally or in a Fairtrade. More than a practice of work, organic gardening is above all a global approach that must be applied in a reasoned and reasonable.
Develop your garden to create biodiversity
What does a garden represent around the world?
this very small area of a few tens or hundreds of square meters, nothing or almost, the equivalent of a drop of water in the sea. But if on these few square meters we cultivate life, we respect it, we promote its diversity, so these tiny parcels, adding to others, quickly become the important links in a chain essential to the circulation of species. While sedentarisation has initially allowed for the diversification of landscapes, industrialization, urbanization and the intensification of have reduced biodiversity and trivialized spaces. Today, Many species no longer find the conditions they need or are victims of practices that put them in danger.
” Amateur ” gardens have no constraints on profitability, standards, and standards, they can easily combine quality productions and living space. There are two things to consider when planning and managing a garden.
on the one hand, avoid creating unfavorable conditions for the species that want to introduce or see settle, on the other hand, promote biodiversity.
1. ERRORS TO AVOID
An animal that no longer finds the necessary conditions in the environment where it lives can try to
move to find a suitable environment. A plant installed in an unsuitable place or in conditions inappropriate, shade plant in full sun, a tree planted too deeply, for example, will quickly undergo different ” Parasitic attacks ” that will reveal the problem. A process is underway, the plant not viable at this location or under these conditions is about to be eliminated, a hard law of nature that will benefit any the chain of “parasites” and decomposers.
Often the first reflex is to try to identify the ” symptom ”, mushroom, aphid, caterpillar … to eliminate it by thinking to have solved the problem which is often elsewhere. Exterminating a colony of aphids will not reposition the tree to the proper depth. Installed in the right place, at the right time, in satisfactory conditions, adaptation and development are generally problem-free, this is essential. A plant is not chosen only for its aesthetics or on our desire to install it in our garden for its use, but, above all, according to its needs in terms of soil and environment. Note that any treatment, even organic, will have repercussions on the environment and that it is better to put all the assets on his side to limit them to the maximum.
Recall briefly that the first way to promote biodiversity is to limit actions that harm it: directly assimilable fertilizer inputs that disturb the micro-organisms relationships of the soil/plant, phytosanitary treatments with consequences difficult to control, no respect for the life of the soil which will lead more or less quickly to feeding difficulties in plants, interventions at inappropriate times or without Carefully …
Taking into account these basic rules will allow the setting up of more complex relationships within the garden and will help contain problems within reasonable limits. In addition to “good practices”, it is also possible to promote biodiversity in its garden through the implementation of various possible developments according to the surface of the garden and the species that we wish to see settle.