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How Create a Pond In Your Garden?
Why Bother Installing a Pond?
Throughout the ages, all civilizations have been fascinated by water. It is everpresent in the gardens of castles, and in all places where man has recreated a piece of nature.
Whereas before this was difficult to achieve due to the technical and financial means necessary, nowadays anyone can create a source of water. Specialized shops and garden centers now carry a wide range of products at reasonable prices.
The Dream of Having a Pond is Now Within Every Gardener’s Reach
Both decorative and reposting, the pond will allow you to master the art of growing new plants like the water iris, reeds, and water lilies. If the pond is big enough, you can even consider looking after certain types of fish.
Just picture yourself stretched out on a deckchair, listening to the sound of a little cascade, or of water rippling over the rocks.
Creating a Pond in Garden
This is not a job to be rushed, so make sure to take into account the following points before starting the process.
Choose Right Location
Choose the location carefully. Choose a place with a bit of shade, but avoid putting it under a tree, as the roots will spread and damage the walls of the pond. The leaves will also fall into the water.
Leave a perimeter of around 1 m. around the pond to provide access, and to install stones or plants.
Shape and Size of the Pond
If it is too small it will have too much variation in temperature, which is not advised if you want to put fish into it.
The depth depends on the surface of the pond. It is not advisable to have the sides too steep. You should have a stair-like slope, with a step every 20 to 30 cms. about 10 to 20 cms. wide. A depth of between 60 and 80 cms. will allow fish to be comfortable in winter and will avoid the water becoming too hot in summer. If you install a water pump to ensure that the water circulates in winter, 60 cms. is enough.
Let’s identify the different zones :
The bordering zone between 10 and 20 cms. wide permits the development of small plants, whose roots appreciate the mud and water. The roots provide protection for developing insects, for young fish and for fish whose parents eat their young.
The shallow zone should be between 20 and 40 cms. wide. Plants like reeds, water iris, and underwater plants can be installed here.
The deep zone provides refuge for fish in winter, and water lilies can be planted here. (click the next button to preview the next page)