Mushrooms are not like your typical garden plant. Different conditions are required to successfully grow mushrooms. While plants use photosynthesis to develop, mushrooms receive their source of energy from the growth medium.
Another difference found in the production of mushrooms is they reproduce asexually by spore and sexually by way of underground growth. One of the challenges in growing mushrooms is the potential of airborne microorganism contamination.
The active culture of a growing mushroom is referred to as Mycelium. The mycelium or culture is put on a substrate for seeding. This process is referred to as inoculation. Another type of inoculation is spores. Spores are not as developed as mycelium. Spores should only be handled in a lab setting under a laminar flow cabinet.
Various substrates are used for growing various types of mushrooms. Some substrate options include sawdust and logs. Cultivation of different types of mushrooms has specific details about how to achieve success in cultivation.
Atmospheric conditions are essential to successfully growing mushrooms. Continuous monitoring and adjustments to maintain the recommended atmospheric condition are vital in mushroom production.
Most people know only the popular button or portobello mushrooms they see in the grocery store. But there are many other types of mushrooms to explore. Some mushrooms are edible and have flavors ranging from sweet to nuts, while others even taste lobster.
Other varieties can be used for their medicinal benefits to increase your immune system, reduce blood pressure and cholesterol, and may even be useful for treating cancer and other serious diseases.
In this article, we will show 22of the most popular varieties of mushrooms, how to use them, and we will show you the main categories in which they fall. And before you start cooking, be sure to take a look at our guide on how to cook mushrooms — the right way.
Shiitake Mushrooms are commonly used in Asian cuisine. They are also considered to have medicinal benefits in traditional Asian medicine. Shiitake mushrooms have a fleshy texture very similar to portobellos. They taste more smoky and earthy when cooked. Shiitake mushrooms are the most commonly sold dry.
Shiitake mushrooms grow naturally in the wild and can also be successfully cultivated. Knowing when and how to harvest the Shiitake Mushrooms will provide a wonderful addition to your culinary efforts.
The Shiitake mushroom is ready for harvest with the mushroom cap is opened about 50-70%. This is generally about when the veil breaks. The veil is located between the stem and cap. It is during this stage the cap edges remain rolled beneath the cap.
Shiitake mushrooms can be broken from the log upon which they are growing by using twisting and pulling motion. The mushrooms can also be removed by cutting them from the bark of the log. There should only be a small amount of wood remaining on the stem. You can trim the stem base off using scissors or a knife after harvesting.
Sawdust-grown shiitake usually have stems that are longer than those going on logs. You will want to trim the stems to prevent the sawdust which clings to the stems from falling into the gills of other mushrooms. Keep the stem length under two-thirds of the size of the cap diameter.
The freshly picked mushrooms should be placed in a container providing maximum ventilation and cooling. Plastic containers specifically for mushrooms can be purchased. These containers usually accommodate 6-15 pounds of mushrooms.
The matsutake mushroom, or pine mushroom, is not well known in the West. But it is a very popular mushroom in Chinese, Korean and Japanese cuisine. It has a distinctive spicy smell. Matsutake mushrooms can be difficult to find because they grow under specific trees and are usually hidden by leaves and other brushes on the forest floor. They are also quickly eaten by rabbits, deer, squirrels, and other wild animals if found first.
Although some cultures have been able to use the hallucinogenic properties of some fungi for centuries, psilocybin was first isolated in 1958 by Dr. Albert Hofmann, who also discovered lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). Magic mushrooms are often prepared by drying and eaten by mixing food or drinks, although some people eat freshly picked magic mushrooms.
Also known as Magical mushrooms are also known as shrooms, mushrooms, blue mezhies, golden tops, freedom caps, philosopher stones, liberties, Amani, and agaric. Drug class: Psilocybin is classified as a hallucinogen. Common side effects: Magic fungi cause nausea, yawning, relaxation or drowsiness, introspective experience, nervousness, paranoia, panic, hallucinations, and psychosis.
Mushrooms are a fruit that comes from even a larger being. Fungi is the classification names given to mushrooms which are not plants or animals. The mushroom body thrives on living tree roots and dead trees.
The size of the mushroom varies by species from only a few millimeters to surprisingly several inches. Mushrooms absorb water and will grow astonishingly quickly when large amounts of water have been absorbed. The fruit appears almost overnight.
Both animals and humans eat from the fruits of the mushroom body. There is an abundance of types of mushrooms with species of more than two thousand. Most of these mushrooms are poisonous with only 2.5 to 5% of the mushrooms being edible. Another unique feature of these poisonous mushrooms is that they often take on the appearance of edible mushrooms. This can prove to be fatal for the careless hunter and lover of mushrooms.
The toxic components of the mushroom become elusive. Some of the mushrooms have enough toxins to cause sudden death to the person eating them. Yet other types of mushrooms build up toxins within a person over time. These mushrooms if eaten may not be associated with any problems until one fatal day when the toxins of the last mushroom accumulate to a deadly proportion in the persons’ body.
Chinese medicine has used mushrooms essentially for years. Mushrooms are known to contain, vitamins B, C, and D. Mushrooms are recognized as lowering cholesterol and blood pressure. Some have indicated that mushrooms may prevent cancer.
The mushroom is a mystical addition to your cultivation and culinary delight.
A lot of different substances can be used for mushroom substrates. Substrates are the material that mushrooms are grown on. Peaches grow on peach trees and mushrooms grow on a substrate.
The type of substrate used will depend upon the type of mushroom you are growing.
There are many more types of substrates used in mushroom cultivation that will be covered in this article.
Substrates are a basic essential for mushroom growth. A better understanding of substrates will allow more success in growing mushrooms.
Some of the most common types of substrates include:
Oat, Rye, and wheat straw are also known as cereal straw serve as a good substrate for growing mushrooms. It is cheap and readily available. It is also good for several mushroom types. Cereal straw is one of the most versatile substrates available. There are some disadvantages of using straw including the need to treat the straw with heat pasteurization before using to remove the microbes which could inhibit mushroom growth.
Logs can be successfully used as a mushroom substrate. It is important to select the type of wood, which the mushroom you will be growing, grows on in the wild. Common woods for log substrates include:
Hardwoods of a thicker type like oak take a long time before mushroom production. One of the advantages of using logs is that mushrooms can be produced for several years on the same log.
Enriched sawdust is another substrate that can effectively be used to grow mushrooms. Since sawdust does come from wood the same factors that should be considered in selecting a type of log should be applied to selecting a type of sawdust. Sawdust by itself may not be rich enough to grow mushrooms but enriching sawdust with a supplement of nitrogen can be an effective substrate. More mushrooms will be yielded with enriched sawdust rather than just sawdust. One of the drawbacks of using sawdust is that it has to be sterilized much like straw to remove the microscopic competitors.
A lot of mushroom growing kits use sawdust blocks but these blocks come prepared for your ease of use.
Anyone can grow mushrooms of the exotic type. Today there are commercial kits available to get you started in the process of growing mushrooms.
When deciding which type of exotic mushroom you want to cultivate several things should be considered.
Kits are a great way for the beginner to get started with mushroom cultivation. The process is well outlined and the kit usually has all the materials needed for mushroom cultivation.
After you have gained confidence in obtaining a harvest of mushrooms from your purchased kit you can look at other types of mushrooms cultivations. Many people continue to use cultivation kits because of their ease of use and success.
If you are not sure which type of mushroom you would like to cultivate you can make a selection and then try another type later. You maybe like most mushroom lovers and find that you enjoy cultivating and eating several different types of mushrooms.
Don’t hesitate you can enjoy cultivating mushrooms today and enjoy the fruits of your labor in just a few short weeks. The added flavor and texture of your homegrown exotic mushrooms to your favorite dishes is sure to be rewarding.
Throughout the world, mushrooms are a delightful addition to any mushroom harvest-time meal. Fall harvest which is coming soon is associated with some very specific smells both in the field and in the kitchen.
Several varieties of mushrooms are in season during the fall time. These wonderful, rich, and flavorful varieties make for a perfect complement or addition to other harvest vegetables. For a unique flavor and eye-appealing dish add a few of your favorite mushrooms to any harvest dish to awaken your family and guests’ taste buds.
Mushrooms make a delicious warm soup that is just the right addition to any meal on a cool fall evening. The earthy smell of the mushrooms enhances the harvest flavors and smells that are indicative of the fall season. Those who enjoy gardening should consider mushroom cultivation as a complement to their other gardening passions.
Try this mushroom recipe out for flavor as the weather gets cool this fall.
Peel and dice the sweet potato, squash, onion. Place prepared vegetables in a large pot. Add chicken broth, salt, cinnamon, pepper. Add water to 2 inches above other ingredients. Cook over medium-high heat to boiling. Reduce heat and simmer until vegetables are tender. Adding water if needed. The potatoes, squash, and mushrooms should cook down to make a rich flavorful soup.
Mushrooms can be dried and used in dishes throughout the year for a little robust flavor in general and holiday recipes. Mushroom kits are a simple way to start mushroom cultivation.
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