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Family Gardening and Market GardeningFamily gardening and market gardening
Family gardening Increasing the consumption of vegetables is the best way to improve the quality of the diet in any country. Therefore, growing vegetables should be strongly stimulated in a conception of family gardening, both in terms of home gardening and cultivation vegetable. These two areas overlap partially but should be clearly distinguished in the context of the programs of development.
The essential difference between the family garden and vegetable crops lies in the motivation of those who take care of it. The market gardener wants to make money. The family gardener wants to improve his diet by making meals tastier and more nutritious. Unfortunately, the desire to eat better is not very developed, otherwise, home gardens or family gardening would be much more common. In this case, why not encourage people to grow a vegetable garden? giving them the prospect of selling some of their vegetables?
General Aspects of Gardening
Let the housewives earn a little pocket money by selling their products! This idea is very well defended. After all, vegetable crops have evolved from home gardens because motivated gardeners saw the opportunity to make a living. However, this will not solve the malnutrition: if the family gardening spreads to have a significant impact on malnutrition of the community, most gardeners will have trouble finding customers to sell their products to.
Fruits and vegetables are not as expensive as products of animal origin, but their delicate and perishable nature makes them all also more expensive than staple foods. The harsh reality is that for many people the only way to get food protectors is to grow them yourself. It remains so that two ways to stimulate family gardening:
-Reinforce the desire to eat better;
-Facilitate gardening and make it more rewarding.
Most people would make efforts to eat better if they were aware of the consequences of malnutrition on their health and that of their children. In other words: nutrition education has an essential role to play. Dietary habits do not change overnight. At best, we can expect a significant change at the next generation level. It means that nutrition education requires the serious long-term participation of schools, health services, extension workers horticulture and the media. Schools have a place of all importance in this process, especially when children are associated with a school vegetable garden.
The subject of this article is precise to facilitate gardening (in family gardening) and make it more rewarding. When asked why they take care of a garden, most people say they take out a garden some pleasure. Gardeners love to take care of their crops as much as to relax in the shade of a tree planted years ago. They do not only remove edible products. Where the nutritionist only considers a few squares of vegetables producing protective food, the gardener also sees a hedge, trees that provide shade, fruit or shelter, live stakes for supporting climbing plants: in other words, a garden where plants woody plants create a pleasant environment for more demanding and for the family.
The vegetable squares are seasonal while the gardens are permanent. A well-composed garden, with some leaves, young bulbs or tubers, pods or berries, etc. provides harvests all year round and not just during the seasonal rains. Even if the quantities are modest, everything is good to take, especially during the off-season. Therefore, to facilitate gardening, projects should include more hedge shrubs better adapted, perennial vegetables, fruit trees, stakes living, etc. Without nutrition education risk of not bearing fruit.
households are their livelihood
The first concern of households is their livelihood. If the vegetable gardens families are demanding too much effort, they are doomed to failure. The service agricultural extension service deals mainly with crops in full field: it is difficult for his agents to give advice and plants to each individual gardener. But we can set up a level of the nursery area or district that would provide trees, shrubs and perennial grasses growing in the area. The people are usually willing to pay for fruit trees, especially if they think they are superior varieties. Other perennials could also be provided free of charge, with simple means, for example, school gardens or other community gardens (see box) It is sufficient if the extension officer helps the school to make his garden a success so that the ideas of gardening and Some plants grow throughout the village. Since the development of family gardening is motivated by the concern to improve the health of the population, it is necessary to put in place long-term projects supported by nutrition education. As malnutrition is widespread, these projects need to be designed to extend to other regions.
On the other hand, the reinforcement of vegetable crops is motivated for the sake of economic development: an increase in production and employment, lower consumer prices. The improvements must come essentially from a significant increase in the off-season production and better infrastructure: roads, transport, farmer organizations, and market information. Rather than setting up an organization that would then extend at the national level, it is preferable to launch specific projects taking into account the possibilities and limits of each production center.