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The Garden work’s-Saving Water
Water is essential to life. In the garden, she plays a very important role. Saving water is an environmental necessity. Plants need water, but also all the animals that make up the richness of the natural environment, birds, amphibians and small mammals who populate the garden or visit it, insects, spiders, towards, crustaceans terrestrials that populate soils and composts to ensure their richness and quality.
The water supply to the garden concerns all living beings, even if, often in our spirit, the watering seems reserved essentially for the plants. The irrigation allows the plant to remain turgid, to bring in the nutrients in the cells, to circulate the sap. Water enters through the roots, only through the absorbent hairs that are found on the younger part of these, which justifies the importance of safeguarding rootlets during transplants and culture in general.
Should we Water the Garden?
irrigation requirements vary considerably from one plant species to another, with the size of the plant and with the climate. The availability of water for the plant is a function of rainfall, temperature, the structure of the soil, and of course the additional contribution eventual irrigation.
Average irrigation requirements during the growing season (spring, summer, beginning of autumn), are estimated at 30 liters of it per square meter for a period of 7 days, which corresponds to 30 millimeters of rainwater. When these quantities are not provided by rainfall, one can be brought to bring the complement by watering.
If the supply is not regular, some plants suffer quickly thirst. If the intake is too abundant, unsuitable plants develop wrong, the roots do not grow sufficiently and, as soon as the slightest drought, plants suffer. The quality of the soil is, we have seen, important if we want to save it in the garden. Good soil is soil containing a lot of material organic, humic (humus) or compost. It will retain more irrigation and longer and so will need less irrigation between two periods of rain.
Every drop counts!
In all his activities, the gardener will be concerned with saving water, especially the one that is drinkable. Eleven tips for irrigation more efficient
1-Prepare a lot of hummus, practice it composting and use your compost. If soil improvement can
take several years, the incorporation of compost will favor, from the beginning, the retention of water, the development of microorganisms and plant growth.
2-Give thanks to the USA climate and use the water from rain that is the best water for irrigation. Indeed, it does not contain chlorine and allows to save the distribution irrigation that costs expensive and whose cost will increase further. If there is no tank, use a drum to collect rainwater.
3-Avoid soil compaction and training a crust on the surface. penetrates of it better in loose soil. “A hoe is worth two waterings, the saying goes.
4-Apply a mulch around the foot plantations to increase retention of water from the earth. Use of this compost, straw, leaves, partially dried grass clippings, shredded pine bark, shredded branches. In addition to the protection they provide, these elements contribute significantly enrichment of the soil with organic matter. Of the same So, ground cover plants can protect the surface.
5-If it’s possible, organize your garden by grouping plants with the same water needs. In this way, you will avoid watering the plants better tolerating drought.
6-Climbing plants of facades or trees in espaliers should not be planted too close to the wall because often the roof pan deprives them of a quantity significant amount of rainwater.
7-Enjoy the relief. If the garden is sloping, install the less water-hungry plants at the top. Plants that require a greater amount of it will be placed at the bottom of the garden so that they can benefit from the irrigation of runoff.
8-It is better to drip or with a scattered jet, less often but longer, rather than massively.
9-Water at the end of the day to avoid rapid evaporation due to sun and heat. Avoid irrigation when the wind is blowing and active evaporation and drying.
10-To avoid burning leaves and flowers. Drops of water act like so many loupes that concentrate Sun rays.
11- A consumer with moderation. Mostly, irrigating the plants only when they really need.
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