How to Grow Mustard Greens in a Container


How to Grow Mustard Greens in a Container

How to Grow Mustard Greens in a Container

If you love spicy, tangy mustard greens but don’t have a lot of garden space, fear not! Mustard greens are easy to grow in containers, making them perfect for urban gardeners or anyone with limited outdoor space. In this article, we’ll go over everything you need to know to successfully grow mustard greens in a container.

Choosing the Right Container

When it comes to growing mustard greens in a container, size matters. Choose a container that is at least 6 inches deep and wide enough to accommodate a few plants. You can use anything from a plastic or clay pot to a repurposed bucket or even a wooden box, as long as it has drainage holes at the bottom.

Preparing the Soil

Mustard greens grow best in rich, well-draining soil. Fill your container with a good-quality potting mix, leaving about an inch of space at the top. You can also add some compost or well-rotted manure to the mix to boost fertility.

Planting Mustard Greens

Now that you have your container and soil ready, it’s time to plant your mustard greens. Here’s how:

  1. Sow the seeds: Scatter the seeds on top of the soil and gently press them in. You can sow the seeds quite densely, as mustard greens don’t mind a bit of crowding.
  2. Water: Water the soil gently so as not to disturb the seeds. Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged.
  3. Cover: Cover the container with plastic wrap or a plastic dome to create a mini greenhouse that will keep the soil warm and moist.
  4. Place in a sunny spot: Mustard greens need at least 6 hours of direct sunlight a day, so choose a spot that gets plenty of sun.

Caring for Mustard Greens

Once your mustard greens have sprouted, they will need some TLC to keep them healthy and growing strong.


Mustard greens need consistent moisture to thrive, so water them regularly. Aim for about an inch of water per week, including rainfall. Check the soil regularly to make sure it stays moist but not waterlogged.


Mustard greens are heavy feeders and benefit from regular fertilization. You can use a balanced fertilizer or a fish emulsion every 2-3 weeks.


Mustard greens are fast-growing, so you can start harvesting the outer leaves as soon as they reach 2-3 inches in length. This will encourage new growth and keep your plants producing throughout the season.

Dealing with Pests and Diseases

Despite being relatively easy to grow, mustard greens can face some common problems. Here are some solutions to help you troubleshoot:

  • Yellow leaves: Yellow leaves are often a sign of overwatering or nutrient deficiency. Adjust your watering schedule and fertilize the plant to address this issue.
  • Bolting: Bolting occurs when the plant produces flowers and seeds prematurely, usually due to high temperatures or inadequate watering. Provide shade and increase the frequency of watering to prevent bolting.
  • Pests: Mustard greens are susceptible to aphids, flea beetles, and other pests. Use organic pesticides or insecticidal soap to control infestations.


Growing mustard greens in a container is an excellent way to enjoy fresh and nutritious greens, even if you have limited space. With the right container, soil, and care, you can easily grow mustard greens on your balcony, patio, or windowsill. Remember to choose a container with sufficient drainage, use well-draining soil, and provide consistent moisture and sunlight. With a little effort, you can enjoy a bountiful harvest of delicious mustard greens right at home.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Can I grow mustard greens in a small container?

Yes, you can grow mustard greens in a small container as long as it has sufficient drainage holes and is at least 12 inches in diameter and depth.

  1. How often should I water my mustard greens?

Water your mustard greens deeply once a week or when the top 1-2 inches of soil feels dry.

  1. Can I grow mustard greens indoors?

Yes, you can grow mustard greens indoors if you have sufficient sunlight and a well-draining container with good-quality soil.

  1. How long does it take for mustard greens to mature?

Mustard greens take about 40-50 days to mature from the time of planting.

  1. How do I prevent pests from attacking my mustard greens?

Use organic pesticides or insecticidal soap to control pest infestations. Additionally, keep your plants healthy and avoid overwatering, which can attract pests.

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