If you are facing problems with pests in the garden, birds that are causing problems, infections and viruses in plants, or even if you are just tired of not getting enough sunlight, it might be time to remove that tree.
Trees not only block light, but are also home to an entire ecosystem of bugs, insects, birds, and even small animals like squirrels and other rodents. This can be particularly problematic if you have a vegetable or a fruit garden nearby where there is plenty of material for the residents of the tree to eat.
Moreover, birds and bats can also make a big mess with their droppings all over the property. Not only does this look and smell bad, but it can also be a safety hazard. In particular, bat droppings and droppings of other small animals such as rodents are known to carry a number of bacteria, viruses, and germs. Uprooting a tree is no easy task, especially if it is a particularly large one. Here are a few things you should know before you go about removing one from your garden.
Tree Size And Purpose
Different trees grow in different ways, they have a different impact on the environment around them, and removing them requires different techniques. For instance, if you are removing a common banana tree that you have in your backyard, it is going to be a relatively simple process. The banana tree itself is quite light, the root system is very shallow and it doesn’t have a very big canopy.
On the other hand, removing a mature maple tree requires a lot more preparation and experience. Two things that you need to factor in are the depth of its roots and the weight of the tree. Some trees will have roots that run very deep, others will have roots that spread across a larger horizontal space but don’t go that deep. In most cases, the root structure of a tree is comparable to the canopy that it creates.
Secondly, you also need to consider whether you are removing the tree from the ground to relocate it or you want to be done with the tree completely. If you want to discard the tree, are you going to use the wood? These different considerations play a big role in how the tree is removed.
Preparing The Area
For mature trees, you will have to address a larger area around the tree before you can start working on removing it. Ideally, you should start two feet outside the canopy and work your way in. If you are removing a relatively young tree, then you can start just a couple of feet away from the trunk of the tree.
If you hire a good Tree Removal service you will notice the first thing they do is to thoroughly water the area around the tree. This will soften up the soil and make it easier to handle the roots. In the case of very large trees that have dense canopies or have a canopy that is very wide, the first step would be to trim the branches to a more manageable size.
This is particularly important in situations where there are other trees in the area or there are telephone poles or buildings in the vicinity. When the tree comes toppling down, you don’t want it to bring these other things down with it.
Cutting It Down
In the case that you have plants nearby or you can’t afford to have a huge tree come crashing down onto the ground, a good approach is to start cutting the tree in portions. Start with the smallest and highest branches and work your way into the thicker branches till you reach the trunk.
If your tree is extremely tall or you are extremely limited on space around the tree you will need to cut down the trunk in portions, also known as bucking. This is usually done when the tree has been pulled down, but in certain circumstances, it can be done while the tree is still firmly secured to the ground to make it easier to remove the entire plant.
When the trunk has been trimmed down to a manageable level you can start cutting the trunk down from near the base to help bring it down entirely. After this process, you will have removed nearly all the material that is visible above the ground except a small stump and the roots.
Removing The Stump
The stump is often the most challenging part of a tree removal job because it is the thickest part of the tree and it is extremely firmly cemented into the ground. In the case of small trees or those that have a thin trunk, you might be able to pull the stump out by hooking it up to a truck.
In the case of thick, mature trees, this is not a feasible idea. It could total the vehicle if done at high speed with great momentum. At this point, you also have to consider whether you want to remove the roots completely or not.
If you don’t mind leaving the roots in the ground, you would be far better off simply grinding the stump into the ground. There are specialized machines made especially for this task and they can grind through the entire stump in a matter of hours.
However, if you need to remove the root system then the only option is to dig up the entire root system, along with the stump, and get rid of it. Getting the entire root system is often not possible because it covers such a wide area. However, you can remove enough of the main root system so that you can plant something else in that space.
With the tree and its roots removed you will need to repair the area if you want to use it for growing other things. In case you want to add a platform to the area, create a building, or do any kind of construction, you will need to compress and strengthen the ground.
This is usually done by filling the empty land with the right kind of soil and then compressing it to get a good strong foundation. If you want to continue growing things, you should leave the space empty for at least a year for the soil to regain its health and then start your next project.