How To Turn A Small Space Into A Big Harvest With Vertical Garden
Growing your plants and food at home could be quite a rewarding and fulfilling activity. You could do it right inside your house or outside just in front of one of your windows. With vertical gardens, you can turn even just a small space into a plant farm that you can tend to every day, just a few paces from your living room. It’ll be wonderful to watch the seedlings slowly grow each day into fully-grown plants a couple of weeks later.
You don’t have to build your steel frames for your vertical garden. If you’re thinking of starting your very own home garden, you might want to look into easy-to-build systems such as the Maze vertical wall garden and others out in the market, instead of building your custom frames. Here are some tips and suggestions on how you can get a bountiful harvest from even just a small space in your home or patio.
What’s A Vertical Garden
Vertical gardening is a way of growing plants using vertical structures with the plants installed or placed on small stands attached to the main garden wall. Some vertical gardeners use hydroponics to grow their plants in this manner. Hydroponics is a scientific gardening technique for growing plants without using any soil.
A vertical garden’s fundamental structure consists of a frame linked to a wall. They also stored water for irrigating their gardens. Some people would also install a mechanism that would feed fertilizer to the plant pots. A vertical garden may be put within your house or outside on your patio, yard, or even in a specially designed gazebo. Both of these options have different benefits. It’s a good option if you just have a limited garden space.
An indoor vertical garden can provide that much-needed nature respite inside your home. They can purify the air of any unseen debris or contaminants. They can also shield your indoor spaces from too much late morning or midday sunlight. An outdoor vertical garden can be useful to conceal an aging wall or a barren surface near your house.
How To Install A Vertical Garden
Here are some basic and easy-to-follow steps on how to install a vertical garden.
Choose Your Plant Container System
One of the first things you should do when designing your vertical garden is to decide on the type of planters or containers you’ll use. A lot of vertical garden hobbyists opt to use plant pots. They attach these to walls by hanging them to the garden frame using wires tied through holes on the pots. This is sometimes called a container-style garden.
Someplace them in neat rows across the vertical frame. Others stack the pots on top of each other in vertical columns. Some growers create pockets out of canvas or other strong cloth material where they tuck the plants into those pockets, which is why this method is sometimes called a pocket garden.
Another method of growing your plants is by using large wooden or plastic wall planter boxes. These are usually made of recycled plastic or wooden freight pallets. Some growers who use these container systems use wire mesh to prevent the soil from spilling out since they’re not very contained. You can buy some of these wooden pallets at home renovation stores or DIY gardening shops. Some would put landscaping fabric around the pallets to contain the soil. They’d cover the bottom and the sides of the pallets to prevent the soil from spilling.
Position Them Based On How Much Light Needed
Plants require varying amounts of sunshine. Some plants will grow tall even if they do not receive a lot of sunshine. Other crops would be stunted, and some might even perish if grown in the shade of larger plants or trees. Some plants will dry out and die if they receive too much sunshine, but they will not grow if they do not receive enough sunlight during the day.
To get the most out of your small space, you need to carefully study the various plants that you’re planning to grow. You need to find out how much sunlight they need and whether they’d wilt if they got too much or too little sunlight. If you’re planning to grow vegetables, you need to know how much sunlight they’d be needing so you can get a bountiful harvest each time.
You should also spend some time researching the amount of sunlight that falls on the location where you intend to install your vertical garden. If it’s going to be indoors, you need to observe where the sunlight penetrates during the day and the extent that it covers.
Simulate How The Sunlight Would Hit When The Plants Grow
You should also mimic how your vertical garden will look after the pots and plants are in place. This is important because the amount of sunlight that those in the lower parts would get might not be the same if you’re just staring at the light getting into your window. The plants in the higher sections might also shade those in the lower sections when they all start growing their stems and leaves.
You need to do the same thing if you’re planning to do your vertical garden outdoors. Some of your plants might wilt if they get too much midday or early afternoon heat from the sun. Mark out the areas that will be shaded by the sun at certain angles so that you can determine how to arrange your plants.
Prepare Your Soil And Plan Carefully
To produce healthy plants and reap a bountiful crop, your plants will require a steady supply of water as well as a fertilizer nutrition system. Before you begin planting your plants, you should thoroughly research which kind of fertilizers and nutrients they require. Different plants have different nourishment needs, and what works with some plants won’t necessarily work with other plants.
You should carefully consider which fertilizers will be blended with the various types of soil that you will utilize. Keep in mind that various plants develop differently depending on the type of soil in which they are planted.
You shouldn’t feed too much fertilizer into your plants either. Some of them might choke or be overwhelmed by an oversupply of fertilizer nutrients even if you use organic fertilizers. Fertilizers also add some heat to the soil composition because of their chemical contents. These react to the soil when you mix them.
Mark Your Pots And Containers Before Planting
Before you start filling your pots, containers or panels with soil, you should carefully choose the type of soil for each plant. Some plants need clayish kinds of soil to grow well. Some grow best when they’re sowed in a loamy type of soil. Some rare plants can grow even in sandy or rocky types of soil. Make sure that you’re using the right type of soil for each type of plant you’re planning to grow.
When you’ve determined the type of soil you’re going to use for each kind or variety of plant, you should mark out the pots and containers with the type of soil and the kind of plant that you’re going to plant in it. This will help you prevent misunderstanding while filling the pots with dirt and planting your seeds, seedlings, and stalks.
Consider Using The Drip Irrigation System
You should think about employing a drip irrigation system to provide your plants with the best possible water supply. Drip irrigation works by regularly hydrating the plants with little drops of water. Some drip watering systems simply employ holes punched in hoses that are then arranged beside or around pots and containers. The water from the faucet or the source container is distributed by a water regulator.
More complex drip irrigation systems use PVC pipes which are laid through overhead wood flats nailed above the rows of pots and plants. When the water is fed from the regulator, the water drips from the holes on the PVC pipes. The pressure is set such that there’s usually just enough water coming out of the holes to keep the plant-soil wet. Results have shown that plants in drip irrigation farms tend to grow larger and healthier.
Use Hydroponics To Grow Both Fish And Plants
Some forward-thinking hydroponics producers employ plant pots as containerized modular aquariums, where they also raise fish. They select containers that are large enough to retain the water while yet allowing the fish to swim about. They would use the plants meshed into place as covers for the containers. The plant roots would be dipped into the water and would thus get natural feeds from the fish waste. This way they can harvest both fish and plants for food.
The containers would then be stacked two on each board in vertical steel frames that held the containers together. They deliver oxygen to the containers via hoses immersed in the water. They use plant roots as lids to cover the containers. Water is delivered via pipes connected to the steel frames at the back of the containers. They placed lights beneath each board to illuminate the plants beneath the higher plank, and so on until they reached the top of the vertical garden.
Vertical gardening is one of the most suitable ways to turn a small space into an oxygen and food-production corner. You can do it either right inside your home with an indoor system or just outside against one of your walls or front windows. You just have to take a few steps if you want to check on it anytime and any day.