Table of Contents
- 1 Maintenance and Lawn Needs
- 1.1 Principles of ecological maintenance
- 1.1.1 1. Mow without shaving A high mowing increases the density and vigor of the grass.
- 1.1.2 2. Practice grasscycling by leaving mowing residue on the ground
- 1.1.3 3. Water thoroughly and as needed
- 1.1.4 4. Air your lawn
- 1.1.5 5. Feed the lawn with compost
- 1.1.6 6. Check the acidity of the soil To grow well, The lawn needs soil with a pH between 6.5 and 7.
- 1.1.7 7. Fertilize moderately with natural fertilizers
- 1.1.8 8. Inoculate sparse areas
- 1.2 What if the lawn looks bad?
- 1.1 Principles of ecological maintenance
Maintenance and Lawn Needs
The use of pesticides on the lawn presents significant risks for human health. Users of a treated lawn needs may become intoxicated absorbing pesticides (through the skin, mouth or lanes respiratory). Symptoms of intoxication may be manifested over time or after many years. Children are particularly vulnerable because they often play on the lawn needs.
In addition, their Immune system is undeveloped and their epidermis more permeable. Pesticides also have negative impacts on the environment. Good, often the products applied to the turf end up in groundwater and streams. They can also contaminate air and soil. Finally, the use of pesticides disrupts the natural balance middle.
For these reasons, the City of Montreal has adopted a by-law prohibiting the use of pesticides outdoors. To get a healthy turf, it is now necessary to focus on prevention by offering the lawn better growing conditions and appropriate care. It is possible to apply green solutions if a problem occurs.
Principles of ecological maintenance
1. Mow without shaving A high mowing increases the density and vigor of the grass.
It promotes deep rooting that allows the lawn to tolerate temporary droughts. In addition, along grass is more resistant to pests and diseases and less likely to be overgrown.
Mow your lawn at a height of around 7.5 cm during the summer; do not remove more than 1/3 of the total height at a time.
-Cut your lawn to 5 cm during the first and last mowing of the year. A short mowing in the spring lawnmowers the growth of the lawn; at the end of the season, it prevents the development of diseases.
-Sharpen the blades of your lawnmower each year. Sharp blades cut the grass without tearing it, limiting the onset of disease.
-Always mow the lawn needs in dry weather.
2. Practice grasscycling by leaving mowing residue on the ground
Clippings left on the ground break down quickly and release the nutrients they contain. They can reduce fertilizer needs by at least 30%. Moreover, this practice saves time and effort!
3. Water thoroughly and as needed
In the absence of rain, a lawn needs 2.5 cm of water per week to stay green all summer long. This usually corresponds to a few hours of watering.
–Water the grass in the morning or failing that, in the early evening. Respect the watering restrictions issued by the boroughs at all times.
-void frequent, light watering that promotes superficial rooting and makes the lawn vulnerable to drought. An environmentally friendly lawn Needs can tolerate a few weeks without water. It goes dormant and turns yellow, but turns green as soon as the rain returns.
-Avoid driving on the lawn during this time.
4. Air your lawn
The aeration of the soil facilitates the growth of the roots, promotes the penetration of water and
stimulates life in the soil.
-Press a pencil at a depth of 10 to 15 cm into the wet grass to determine if the lawn needs to be aerated. Difficult? Your lawn needs air!
-Use a manual aerator or rent a motorized appliance that removes small soil cores. Spring and late summer (mid-August to mid-September) are the best times to ventilate the lawn Needs.
-Ventilate when the soil is moist but not soggy.
5. Feed the lawn with compost
Compost provides nutrients essential for lawn growth. It aerates the soil and allows it to better retain water and minerals. It also serves as shelter and food for a host of living organisms in the soil.
-Spread a thin layer on the grass, about 0.5 cm in the spring or fall. Composting with compost is ideal after aeration.
-Use a leaf rake to spread the compost evenly.
7. Fertilize moderately with natural fertilizers
Most natural fertilizers are slowly degraded by living soil organisms. They provide nutrients throughout the season, limiting the risk of mineral leaching and root burn.
-Fertilize with 100% natural fertilizer in the spring (May or June) or late summer (August or September), in one or two applications.
8. Inoculate sparse areas
Weeds settle quickly in sparse areas of the lawn.
-Resuspend in spring (May) or late summer (mid-August to mid-September).
-Choose a certified seed mix, adapted to the sunshine conditions of the site (sun or partial shade).
-Take the opportunity to introduce other plants than grasses, such as white dwarf clover. A diverse lawn is more resistant to pests, diseases, and drought.
What if the lawn looks bad?
-Ensure that the lawn has good growing conditions and proper maintenance (see principles of ecological maintenance of the lawn) Unfavorable growing conditions (dense shade, compact soil, etc.) or inappropriate care (mowing too short, excessive fertilization, etc.) promote the proliferation of unwanted weeds and pest and disease problems.
-Consider replacing grass with more suitable plants (ground covers, flower beds, and shrubs, etc.), if site conditions are not conducive to lawn needs growth. You can also substitute certain sections of the lawn with inert materials (mulch, paver, etc.).
-Identify the organism in question, if you suspect the presence of a pest or disease, in order to apply the appropriate solutions. Do not hesitate to consult books or specialists.