Peacock Plant Care: A Comprehensive Guide


Peacock Plant Care: A Comprehensive Guide

Peacock Plant Care A Comprehensive Guide

Peacock plants, scientifically known as Calathea makoyana, are beloved for their stunning foliage characterized by intricate patterns resembling peacock feathers. Native to the rainforests of Brazil, people prize peacock plants as ornamental houseplants, as they add a touch of tropical elegance to indoor spaces. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the essential aspects of peacock plant care, from optimal growing conditions to common maintenance practices.

Light Requirements

Peacock plants thrive in bright, indirect light. While they can tolerate some morning sun, it’s important to avoid direct sunlight for peacock plants, as it can cause their delicate leaves to scorch. Place your peacock plant near a north or east-facing window where it can receive gentle, filtered sunlight throughout the day. If natural light is insufficient, supplement with artificial grow lights to provide the necessary brightness.

Temperature and Humidity

Maintaining the right temperature and humidity levels is crucial for the health and well-being of peacock plants. Aim to keep the temperature between 65-75°F (18-24°C) during the day and slightly cooler at night. Peacock plants also prefer high humidity levels, ideally between 50-60%. To increase humidity, place a tray filled with water and pebbles beneath the plant or use a humidifier.

Watering Routine

Proper watering is essential for peacock plant care. Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged, allowing the top inch of soil to dry out between waterings. Use room temperature water to avoid shocking the plant and ensure thorough drainage to prevent water from accumulating at the bottom of the pot. Avoid over-watering, as this can lead to root rot and other issues.

Soil and Potting

Peacock plants prefer well-draining, peat-based potting mix with added perlite or sand to improve aeration. Repot your peacock plant every 1-2 years, or when it outgrows its current container. Choose a pot with drainage holes to allow excess water to escape, preventing water-logging. When repotting, gently loosen the roots and place the plant in its new container at the same depth as before.


Feed your peacock plant with a balanced liquid fertilizer diluted to half strength every 4-6 weeks during the growing season (spring and summer). Reduce fertilization during the fall and winter months when growth slows down. Avoid over-fertilizing, as this can cause salt buildup in the soil and lead to nutrient imbalances.

Pruning and Maintenance

Regular pruning helps keep your peacock plant healthy and attractive. Trim away any yellowing or damaged leaves with clean, sharp scissors to encourage new growth. Wipe the leaves with a damp cloth periodically to remove dust and maintain their glossy appearance. Inspect the plant regularly for signs of pests such as spider mites or aphids, and treat any infestations promptly with organic insecticidal soap or neem oil.

You can propagate peacock plants through


You can propagate peacock plants through division or stem cuttings. To propagate by division, carefully separate the plant into smaller clumps, ensuring each division has healthy roots and leaves. Plant the divisions in separate pots filled with well-draining potting mix, and water thoroughly. For stem cuttings, select a healthy stem with several leaves and cut it just below a leaf node. Place the cutting in water or moist potting mix until roots develop, then transplant it into its pot.


With the right care and attention, peacock plants can thrive as stunning additions to your indoor plant collection. By providing adequate light, maintaining proper humidity and watering routines, and addressing any issues promptly, you can enjoy the beauty of these tropical gems in your home for years to come.