Table of Contents
How to Plant Bulbs (Guide to Planting Bulbs)
What is a bulb?
A bulb is an underground vegetal organ made up of a bud surrounded by close-knit fleshy leaves. These leaves are filled with nutritive resources which allow the plant to regenerate its aerial parts every year.
To be more exact, the bulb is made up of a short, thick stem and scale-like leaves which protect the embryonic roots of the flower. These leaves which are situated all around the bud may be tight-knit (amaryllis, tulips) or loose (fritillaries, lilies). They contain all the nutritive resources needed by the plant.
Their appearance and means of reproduction vary according to the types of bulbs.
The dormant period of bulbs
Before every period of activity preceding flowering, the bulb is in hibernation, resting. Its stops or slows down all vital activity and shows a greater resistance to its surrounding conditions. This may be provoked by a drop in temperature and by a decrease in the time it is exposed to sunlight, and also by internal factors of the bulb. The interruption or “lifting” of this sleeping period is brought about by the change in temperature, in light conditions, by chemical substances, etc….
Planting bulbs in Spring or Summer
Bulbs which flower in Spring like the crocus, the tulip, the Jacintha, and the narcissus, are planted between September and November, or even in December. Other bulbs like the fritillaries, begonias, lilies, cannas and gladioli are planted after the last frosts, in Spring. These bulbs are planted in sunny conditions, with a few exceptions ( like the ranunculus and the tuberous begonia).
Generally speaking, bulbs are planted at a depth of twice their height, whether in Spring or in Summer.
Begin of Guide to Plant Bulbs
Bulbs arrive packaged in a plastic bag and should be planted immediately in the event, you are delayed and cannot plant as soon as possible, they can be placed in a refrigerator for up to 14 days.
Bulbs come in all shapes and sizes but one of the keys to success with planting bulbs is making sure that the growing tip is pointed up, with most bulbs the growing tip or the root system is easily recognizable, However, there are bulbs like this calla lily that it is hard to determine the growing point you should consult your individual planning guide for more details.
This technique will provide you with more colour than planting single bulbs.
One of the keys to planting bulbs is the depth of the bulb in the hole, as a rule of thumb you’re going to want to dig a hole that’s about twice the depth of the actual ball.
-Looking at this hole, we must create a nice flush root environment, making sure that we are planning our growing point up.
-We are going to design our bulbs in the hole, and the pattern we’d like.
-Next step will be to fill the hole in and we are gonna firm that soil a little bit as we put the soil in to try to eliminate any air pockets, we are gonna bring the soil level up to almost the top of the hole, and they are going to want to water the hole very well.
-Once the waters drained away, we are gonna continue to finish filling up the hole, bringing it up to the level of the grade of the existing ground.
-The next step we are going to do is to create a saucer to catch any either from rain or hand watering to make sure that our bulbs stay nice, and moist in the root environment.
-The other thing that this saucer will do is tell you where you’ve planted bulbs which can be very important if you go to plant something else.
-The last step in the planning process is to apply a 1 to 2-inch layer of organic mulch it could be hardwood or pine bark or even pine straw.
-The mulch serves three basic purposes it stabilizes the soil temperature so the roots grow evenly, it eliminates weed seeds from germinating.
-Creating less competition and it also helps to retain the moisture level that is in the soil.
Bulbs are easy to plant and easy to grow and perfect for any level of gardener beginner or expert. Bulbs will provide dramatic color in your landscape the first year, and for many years to come. Good luck and happy gardening with planting bulbs.