BEANS and CABBAGE, 02 VEGETABLES EASY TO CULTIVATEBEANS and CABBAGE, 02 VEGETABLES EASY TO CULTIVATE
THE SELECTION OF VEGETABLES
Star with cultivating BEANS and CABBAGE if you do not have much experience in vegetable gardening, it’s better to start with easy to grow vegetables. If you start from the start in the cultivation of all vegetables possible, expect any disappointment and discouragement that may follow. This sheet presents, on the one hand, a series of vegetables easy to cultivate and on the other hand, for each vegetable family, a planting schedule for a few simple varieties to cultivate.
PRECISION ABOUT PEAS AND BEANS
Among the types of peas and beans are dwarf and rowing varieties. To cultivate varieties with oars, it is necessary to provide support. Varieties of peas Most gardeners grow to shell peas (which are only eaten by young peas) and snow peas (which are used to eat young pod containing peas who have not reached maturity). There are many varieties of shelling peas, including some are well known and often cultivated:
• Dwarf varieties: Eminent (40 – 60 cm), Kelvedon Marvel (45 – 70 cm).
• Varieties with rowing: Mechelen’s pruner (150 cm), Express (90 – 100 cm), Senator (70 – 120 cm).
• Dwarf varieties: de Grace (30 – 70 cm), Norli (50 cm)
• Varieties with rowing: Heraut (110 – 140 cm), Record (110 – 120 cm)
Varieties of Beans
Beans are a very large group of plants, which includes many varieties. Several criteria make it possible to distinguish the different varieties: the part of the bean that one consume, their method of preparation and the height of the adult plant. In Belgium and the Netherlands, kidney beans and kidney beans are the most known. We consume the whole pod, which contains seeds that have not arrived at maturity.
Beans whose Thimbles
Cutting beans are beans whose thimbles are cut into thin strips before cook with steam. Their pods are wide, flat and long. Their culture is generally along oars, hence the term “row beans”. Princess beans and green beans are the varieties of beans that are baked whole pods, without cutting them. Princess beans are often grown in the form of a dwarf, hence the name “princess dwarf bean”. Here are some known varieties:
• Dwarf bean to cut: North Star, Admires.
• Rowing bean to cut: Helda.
• Princess Dwarf Bean: Holland Double (Cordless), Saxa, Purple Queen
• (Saxa beans can be sown two weeks earlier and two weeks later
other beans, which allows staggering of the harvests).
• Princess rowing bean: Mechelen bunch, Westland double.
PARCEL OF BRASSICACEES
• You can still harvest kale.
• Prepare the Brassicaceae plot for sowing.
• At the beginning of March, you can sow the first radishes outdoors. To spread harvests, sow a few seeds every two weeks. You can sow the Saxa variety until mid-April. It is not recommended to sow radishes later because they would grow too fast, which would lessen their taste.
• Sow seeds in rows 10 to 15 cm apart. In the sowing line, the space between each seed must be 2 cm.
• After one week, the radish seedlings appear, and after a brief growing period of 6 to 8 weeks, you can already harvest them.
• The only thing to watch during the short growing season of the radish is the moisture of the earth, which must be constant to ensure their growth. In dry period and on sandy soil, it is essential to water. Drought causes rapid formation of a hollow tuber, whose taste is sometimes very pronounced. In addition, radishes tend to crackle as if they are suddenly watered after a long period of drought.
• After the radish harvest, part of the plot is free. You can sow cabbage frieze. Sow the seeds in rows 60 cm apart and in each line space the seeds of 15 cm.
Before going on vacation, do a good weeding. During the summer months, weeds bloom quickly and produce seeds.
• If you have harvested all the radishes and there is still room on the Brassicaceae plot, you can sow phacelia there.
• You can sow radishes one last time in August.
Red cabbage and white cabbage
• You can place a mulch between the plants (see also sheet n ° 3 on the analysis and soil amendment).
• Between July 15th and August 15th, you can sow Chinese cabbage in a square.
• Separate each line by 40 cm.
• After germination, thin the seedlings leaving 30 cm between each plant.
• During a dry period, you should water the Chinese cabbage, which is not implanted very firmly in the soil.
• On all the sites left free after the harvests, you can sow the purslane winter, which will cover the ground throughout this season. You can harvest it from end October until March. You must not sow the purslane of winter that the first year because it reseeds each year.
• September is the last month for the harvest of radishes sown in August.
Red cabbage and white cabbage
• The cabbages continue to grow slowly.
• You can already harvest the cabbages you want to eat.
• If you want to keep the cabbage for a long time, the harvest time is essential. Let the cabbages reach full maturity, but harvest them before the first real frosts. If it does not freeze, you can leave cabbages on the plot until late October or even until November
• Weed and weed the soil to eliminate weeds.
• You can harvest Chinese cabbage from mid-September until mid-November. However, it is very sensitive to frost: it must, therefore, be harvested before the first frosts.
Red cabbage and white cabbage
• In November, you can expect the first real night frosts. You, therefore, you must bring in the conservation cabbages that you have not yet harvested.
• After harvest, place a winter mulch on the plot.
• You can harvest kale from November. For this to do, cut the leaves of the stem, starting with the leaves lower. Collect only the amount of leaves you need. Next time, cut the leaves a little higher.
• Kale does not suffer from frost and can stay in the kitchen garden for a long time in Winter. Moreover, kale reveals all its flavor only after having undergone the freeze.