Table of Contents
- 1 Growing Spinach in your Home Garden
- 1.1 Chard, Collards, Greens, Kale, Mustards, Spinach
- 1.2 Growing spinach In Garden
- 1.3 Growing Spinach Indoors at Home
- 1.4 Information to get started growing spinach indoors in your home
- 1.5 Related
Growing Spinach in your Home GardenGrowing Spinach in your Home Garden
Chard, Collards, Greens, Kale, Mustards, Spinach
Latin Name: Cruciferae Brassica
Greens are leafy vegetables that can be divided into two groups, those commonly referred to as potherbs because they’re cooked before eating, and those referred to as salad greens because they’re eaten raw. Greens have a large and diverse taxonomy and are comprised of about 20 different plant families. In addition, there are a large number of other vegetables whose leaves would also be considered greens but are consumed only as a secondary crop, such as turnips or sweet potatoes. In African American culture, greens have become synonymous with five cooked varieties: spinach, kale, collard, turnip, and mustard greens. Greens may be cool or warm season crops and cultivated annually or perennially. Easily propagated by seed, they are rapid growers and may be cut continuously all season. Dark leafy greens are among the most nutritious of all vegetables. Research has shown that people who consume greens several times a week had a 43% less chance of eye disease than those who only ate them once a month. Leafy vegetables also contribute significant amounts of vitamins A and C, iron and several other important minerals. Alternatively, salad greens such as lettuce, radicchio, and endive are easy to grow and provide a tasty, raw source of vitamins and minerals.
|Growing Ease:||Will grow for anybody|
|Lighting Needs:||Full Sun to Partial Shade|
|Soil Type:||6.1 (mildly acidic) to 7.8 (mildly alkaline)|
|Height:||12 to 18 in.|
|Width:||9 to12 in.|
Growing spinach in your home garden is a great way to get healthy, pesticide-free, tender leaves to use in salads, side dishes, and entrees. Eggs Florentine is just one example of a tasty recipe that is most flavorful when homegrown spinach leaves are harvested just before preparing the dish. The leaves provide lots of necessary iron.
Growing spinach In Garden
It isn’t difficult to grow spinach in your garden plot, whether large or small. It can even be grown in containers on the patio or balcony or indoors using grow lights. You can even enjoy growing spinach in a hydroponic garden.
To start growing spinach, select a location that gets lots of sun if growing in cooler weather. In warm weather, plant in partial shade. Prepare light soil that holds moisture well with a pH of 6.0 – 7.0.
If planting outdoors, amend the soil with cured manure to add nitrogen for leaf production. If planting in commercial planting mix, add manure tea for nitrogen or you can use fish emulsion instead.
Growing spinach from seeds is easy. Just sow them about four weeks after the last frost has passed. Don’t transplant spinach because it will not do well. Seeds should be planted about a one-half inch deep and, if growing spinach in rows, place the rows about two inches apart. To have a continual harvest, sow seeds every 15 days. Continue sowing seeds until late August in cool locals. In a warm area, continue sowing until about 12 weeks before the first frost is expected.
Once the spinach leaves are about four inches in height, thin the plants to about one-half foot apart, using the tiny tender leaves in recipes or salads. Do not allow the spinach to grow in crowds because the plants will seed prematurely, called bolting.
Spinach grows best when the soil is kept moist. Every two weeks, add a manure tea. Once the plants are six inches in height, you should cease adding the nitrogen-rich tea or emulsion.
Mature plants should be mulched to conserve moisture and prevent weeds invading. To deter insects, add floating row covers if growing outdoors.
Spinach growing allows you to continually harvest leaves as needed for use in the kitchen. Cut leaves from the outside of the plant or, if fully mature, remove the entire plant. Ideally, do this before the plants begin the flowering process. If there are any buds appearing, the entire plant should be harvested.
You’ll enjoy growing tasty spinach. The flavor of freshly harvest spinach is wonderful and you’ll find many ways to include your crop in recipes and salads.
Growing Spinach Indoors at Home
Spinach is an extremely easy plant to grow. Growing Spinach Indoors is possible as long as you can provide your plants with a few basic requirements.
Spinach is an extremely easy plant to grow.
Growing Spinach Indoors is possible as long as you can provide your plants with a few basic requirements.
Information to get started growing spinach indoors in your home
Choosing & Planting the seeds
What you need to know about which seeds you should pick for the best crop.
When you are choosing a seed for spinach, in order to get the best chance of germination and healthy growth, you should choose a seed that is no more than a year old.
You will find that most popular varieties will grow well inside except, most specifically, the ‘New Zealand’ spinach variety, which is a completely different plant altogether.
You should ensure that the soil for growing your spinach is nitrogen rich. You can do this by using a nitrogen fertilizer with the soil before planting the seeds.
Soil pH is crucial to spinach growth and it will only grow between 6.0 and 6.7.
Spinach seeds must be germinated in the refrigerator. Sprinkle your seeds over a damp paper towel and then fold over. It will take around a week for your seeds to start germination at which point you can transfer them to a pot.
Light & Temperature
How to provide the correct environment for your plants to ensure growth…
Generally, cooler temperatures are best for growing spinach and a cool temperature is very important for the young spinach plants.
For the first couple of months keep younger plants in a cool environment.
If temperatures rise above 15 degrees Celsius in the first few months then it will be almost impossible to prevent the spinach plant from bolting.
Tip – Bolting is when the plants grow bigger and faster than is preferred. This usually causes the leaves to become incredibly bitter and inedible.
After the plants get to about 6 weeks old, they can then be moved to an environment at a higher temperature. However, cooler temperatures are still preferred throughout.
Spinach does not need a lot of strong light to grow well. Too much light can cause leaf burn and around 9 hours or less every day is a good amount of light for a spinach plant. Try locating the plant in a window facing east or west so as to limit the amount of light it receives.
Watering techniques specifically for spinach.
Spinach is fairly unusual in the fact that it likes a lot of water. For healthy growth water your plants every 3 days.
Note – You could use mulch to help retain moisture in the soil. But don’t use peat.
Feeding & Nutrition
How to make sure that your plants get all the nutrients that they need in order to survive and produce crops!
As well as providing nutrients in the soil for spinach before planting the seeds, spinach will need regular feeding throughout the growth period.
You should use a nitrogen fertilizer on a weekly basis and if you spot any yellowing on any of the leaves then you should increase the feeding to twice a week to provide extra nutrients.
How to ensure that your plants are productive in their indoor environment.
As we are focussing on growing spinach for its leaves, you will not need to worry about pollination.
How to collect your crop safely and how to maximize growth for the future.
When the plants are young, you must thin out the weaker plants in order to allow the best growth for the stronger plants. These thinnings can be used for cooking or in salads.
Spinach is considered to have reached its maturity when it is around 6 inches tall, however, the leaves of the spinach can be harvested when the leaves are tender and young.
To harvest a younger plant, just carefully trim the outer leaves. This will then allow the central leaves to grow and this cycle can be repeated multiple times before growth slows and the plant must be allowed to mature and harvested fully.
To harvest a mature plant, just cut the plant above the soil. Make sure to dig out the root before re-planting anything into the same pot.
So there you go! You can now grow spinach indoors whenever you like!