Guide to Growing Magic Mushrooms

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Guide to Growing Magic Mushrooms
Guide to Growing Magic Mushrooms

Table of Contents

Guide to Growing Magic MushroomsGuide to Growing Magic Mushrooms

A Simple Guide to Growing Magic Mushrooms

To start with you will obviously need a grow Magic Mushrooms Kit. Also, you might want a thermometer (optional but can be handy – get from a hardware store). Buy a standard plastic storage box with lid, needs to allow at least a few inches space around all sides of the mushroom,

Put about 2 inches deep of perlite inbox (about 1/2 bag). Be careful about breathing in the dust (use a mask or add some water to the bottom to help stop dusk).  Add water till 1 inch deep in a box (about 3 pints). Place magic mushroom grows kit (without lid on) in the middle of the box.

Place the box somewhere fairly free from draughts and with some light available (doesn’t have to be bright or for very long each day).  Keep a box at around mid 70’s Fahrenheit. This will ensure a decent temp to help to pin (formation of Magic Mushrooms) and also encourage growth.  Take the lid off a box (the big storage box) and use it to gently fan the air in the box, to remove the CO2. Do this at least once a day.

After around 1 week to 10 days should have fully formed mushrooms. Once the mushroom’s cap splits away from the stem when they are ready to pick. You should do this by grasping the mushroom firmly at its base then twisting.  From this point on the Magic Mushroom may grow, but will not be producing any more psilocybin, and therefore just taking nutrients from the cake.
After the first crop, the cake will have shrunk down slightly. Turning upside down onto something clean you can take the cake from the box and place directly on the perlite (the same way up as it was originally). This will make the cake soak up moisture and help with further flushes of mushrooms.

Harvesting

When magic mushrooms have been picked you can either eat them raw or dry them.  Drying causes some of the potency to be lost, so dry them gently i.e. in an airing cupboard.  If some of the Magic Mushrooms are very big, then slice them in half lengthways to speed up drying.  Do not put them in the oven or any other source of heat. Once dry put in airtight plastic bags and store in the freezer.

Once picked, for larger mushrooms, slice them in half lengthways to increase the speed of drying.  Place them on a sheet of wire mesh, or something similar, (not paper as they stick) and put them somewhere warm, but not hot. (Airing cupboard would be ok.) Once they are completely dry (2-3 days) place in sealed plastic sandwich bags in the freezer.  Consumption

Although we do not recommend the ingestion of magic mushrooms due to the strong effect they can have on a person there are certain guidelines that should be followed if you do take them.

  • Never take them alone ever mix them with other substances or alcohol
  • Never operate equipment / drive a car under the influence
  • Keep them away from children
  • Always use discretion


Procedure for Growing Magic Mushrooms

mafic mushrooms 2

  • Make sure your work area is draft-free.
  • Set up the pressure cooker, make sure you follow instructions.
  • Wash the jars and lids. Don’t towel dry them, you will just wipe germs and dust back on them.
  • Wash, too. Some people recommend that you wear a long sleeved shirt, I wear a T-shirt and disinfect my forearms when doing shroom work.

– For each canning jar, add 1/4 cup brown rice and 1/3 – 1/2 cup water.
– I use bottled water, but boiled tap water is fine.
– Fill 6 1/2 pint jars or as many as will fit into your pressure cooker, without stacking or jamming them in there.

– Place the lids on the jars, and leave the lids very loose.
– Place the jars on the bottom of the pressure cooker.
– You want about 1.5 inches of water in there.
– Now follow the directions for sealing the pressure cooker.
– Allow the pressure inside the cooker to build up to 15 lbs.
– Once the pressure inside the cooker has reached 15 lbs, you want to maintain it at that level for one hour.

You may have to turn it down so that the pressure doesn’t rise to unsafe levels above 15 lbs.

– When the hour has passed, turn off the stove and let it cool before you open it.
– After 10-15 minutes – remove jars from the cooker.
– Don’t try to rush the cooling process, as the jars may crack.
– I would suggest leaving jars to cool for at least 2 hours. 4-6 if you can.
– Too much heat and your spores will die.

  • Wash up again, use your bleach, etc.
  • Wash your hands and forearms, put your hat on.
  • Long sleeves and a hat etc is recommended because millions of germs are falling off your body
    at any given moment.
  • Sterility and the absence of drafts are of utmost importance from here on.
  • Use your face/dust mask now if you have one.
  • I recommend filling a spray bottle with a 10% bleach / 90 % water solution.
  • Use it to mist the air in the room to further reduce airborne contaminants.

Inoculation

-Heat your wire loop/scapel until it is red hot.
-Put on your dust mask or pull your shirt up over your nose and mouth.
-I suggest using a glovebox (homemade will do)
-Lift the lid off the jar and place it face down on a sterile surface.

-Get out your spore print and hold it over the open jar at an acute angle.
-Use the sterilized wire/scalpel to gently scrape and tap the spore print to get the spores onto the rice cake. If you can see dark specks fall onto the rice, you’ve done it sufficiently — anything you can see is probably several thousand spores.
-A spore print the size of a penny is enough to inoculate a 12 1/2pint jars.

-Screw on the lid tightly and shake the jar until the rice cake breaks up.
-This will allow the spores to spread throughout the rice medium.
-When you’ve done this to all the jars, put them in a safe place with a fairly constant temperature.
-A dark place is best as light can induce fruiting too early.
-In 3 days to 2 weeks, you should see white, fluffy mycelia appear.
-Any other color ie. green, black, etc. is mold. Dispose of the jar.
-Bacterial infections usually give off a putrid odor.
-With experience, the bacterial infection will become easy to recognize.

-Now sit back and wait for nature to take its course.
-It will take anywhere from 2 weeks to 1 month for the mycelia to completely permeate
-the rice medium, then it will start getting these stringy looking or fan-shaped runners
-in the white fuzzy growth.

Fruiting

Now exposed to a couple of hours of light per day.
The mushroom formation is not far off now.
Of course, at all stages be on the lookout for any possible contaminants in the mycelia.
As the mycelia mature it may start staining blue in spots, due to bruising,
so don’t mistake this for a mold infection.

Fruiting Chamber

-I would suggest using a plastic crate as a fruiting chamber.
-Sterilize some compost in the pressure cooker.
-Disinfect fruiting chamber, add soil to the container.
-Then place rice cakes on the soil.
-Mist with distilled water. Replace lid.
-The mushrooms first appear as tiny white pinheads and then the caps will darken to a lovely reddish brown.
-Mushrooms grow best in an environment with a humidity of over 90%.
-So if you think that your mushrooms may need a more moist environment,
-Simply respray boiled or distilled water directly over rice cake/soil.
You don’t want things too wet, however, as this will promote mold/bacteria growth and inhibit mushroom formation. It is important that air exchange takes place in the storage area, this becomes more important as fruiting occurs, as the mycelia give off CO2 and need O2.

Harvesting Magic Mushrooms

Mushrooms are ready as soon as the white membrane connecting the cap to the stem
starts to rip. Although you don’t want to pick them before they have reached their
full size, be careful not to let the spores cover the cake or you will get less shrooms.
To harvest your mushrooms, wash your hands and forearms well, or use rubbing alcohol.
Take the lid off the fruiting chamber, grasp the Magic Mushroom firmly near the base and twist.
A brisk twisting motion will help to free the ‘shroom from the mycelia.

Some Tips for Optimal Yields

-Here are some more tips. 86 F is the best temperature for starting the growth process.
-The temperature inside the jars will be several degrees higher than the surrounding air temperature.
-Growth of the mycelia generates small amounts of heat. I would build/buy a simple growth chamber.

This will serve a number of purposes:
-it will create a more sterile environment, guarding against contamination.
-it will help keep the temp. high and more constant.
-it will help keep the humidity high and more constant.

You can also use those cool boxes people used when I was a kid for picnics.
-Get one that’s large enough to hold the 12 jars you’ve got.
-Cut a hole in the lid. Cover with clear plastic.
-Now you have a lid which allows light into the grow chamber, but it also keeps out dust, mold, and other contaminants.

-I suggest leaving the jars in total darkness for the first week or two.


Optimal Growth Parameters for Magic Mushrooms

Spawning stage: 1st stage of growth

Relative Humidity = 90%
Substrate Temp = 84-86 F.
Thermal death limits at 106 F.
Duration = 10-14 days.
Light Incubation in total darkness.

Primordia formation: pinhead formation

Relative Humidity = 90+%
Air Temperature = 74-78 F. Duration = 6-10 days.
Light Diffuse natural or exposure for 12-16 hours/day of grow-lux type fluorescent.
High in blue spectra at the 480-nanometer wavelength.
Regular fluorescent works fine, but use natural daylight whenever possible.

CROPPING: Harvest

Relative Humidity = 85-92%
Air Temperature = 74-78 F.
Flushing Pattern = Every 5-8 days.
Harvest Stage = When the cap becomes convex and soon after the partial veil ruptures.
Light Diffuse natural or exposure for 12-16 hours/day of grow-lux type fluorescent.
High in blue spectra at the 480-nanometer wavelength.
Moisture Content of Mushrooms = 92% water 8% dry matter.
P. cubensis have up to 1% psilocin and/or psilocybin per dried gram.
The medium adult oral dose is 4-8 mg psilocybin.

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