How Do You Fertilize a Vegetable Garden?
Before starting to fertilize a vegetable garden, three important things should be taken into consideration:
1- The amount of Fertilizer Added to the Plant:
It depends on many factors, including the size and age of the plant, the stage of its growth, the content of the plant and the soil of the added ingredient and the environmental conditions surrounding the plant, and the added amount of fertilizers must be wary because high concentrations lead to severe damage to plant growth, including the burning of leaves and branches and the fall of flowers and fruits.
Therefore, the added amount of one plant must be appropriate and preferably based on the results of the research and studies that have been recommended, and it is also preferable to divide the quantities added to the plant into more than one batch, such as (two or three batches).
It is preferable to freshen the plant a day or two before the fertilization process is completed, and with it, the plant is watered abundantly until the roots absorb the fertilizer with the water, and thus there is a speedy arrival of the added nutrient to all parts of the plant.
2- The Ideal Time to Add Fertilizers:
Organic fertilizers are added in the fall and winter (only) because they need a period of time to decompose and so that the plant can benefit from it after decomposing at the beginning of its growing season during the spring and summer. As for the chemical fertilizers, it is recommended to add them with the beginning of the growing season of the plant in the spring and during the summer, provided that the fertilization process stops with High temperatures in the middle of summer so as not to burn the plant parts and may lead to its death.
3- How to Add Fertilizer:
There are many ways to add fertilizers to the plant, including spreading it on the surface of the soil, putting fertilizer in pits and trenches, dissolving fertilizers with irrigation water, or spraying fertilizer on the aerial parts of the plant such as vegetative growth, all of these methods can be used according to the appearance of symptoms of deficiency of elements on the plant, for example, if symptoms appear On plant leaves, this situation can be addressed by using the method of foliar spraying of compost, especially when fertilizing with trace elements such as boron and zinc, for example.
Forms of Fertilizers Available in the Market:
Fertilizers are available in the market in several forms, including liquid fertilizers, some in the form of powder, and some in the form of granules regardless of their shape, the purpose of which is one is to provide the necessary nutrients for the natural growth of the plant.
|1||Jobe’s Organics 9026 Fertilizer, 4 lb||$6.98||Buy on Amazon|
|2||Miracle-Gro Water Soluble Plant Food Vegetables & Herbs 2 lb||$7.98||Buy on Amazon|
|3||Miracle-Gro Performance Organics All Purpose Plant Nutrition, 1 lb. - All Natural Plant Food for...||2,060 Reviews||$7.98||Buy on Amazon|
Any Compost Should Contain the Following Main Elements:
- Nitrogen: for plant growth and the growth of strong and healthy stems and leaves (vegetative growth is complete)
- Phosphorous: stimulates root growth and the formation of flower buds, and contributes to strengthening the stem and leaves
- Potassium: increases the strength of the plant and gives flowers and fruits their fresh color and contributes to the formation of bulbs
- The three types may be available in one fertilizer, which is the best, and it is called compound fertilizer (NPK).
Watch out !!!!!
1- Plants grown in good soil may not need to add compost to it before 4 months have passed.
2- Growing plants can be fertilized every month to 3 months with a complete fertilizer composed of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in a ratio of 2: 1: 1 or 3: 1: 1, as it is sufficient to dissolve one tablespoon of compost in a cup of water, and add to the soil with the need to irrigate it before adding the fertilizer So as not to damage the roots.
3- Leafy plants require a high percentage of nitrogen (nitrogen).
4- Flowering plants require a high percentage of phosphorous before and after flowering.
5- Plants with colorful leaves need iron to help color focus and clarity.
6- Addition is done with the growing season, and fertilization is stopped during the rest period.
7- When pigeon glaucoma is added as fertilizer, it is added in the form of a dilute solution.
8- Fertilizing should not be rushed before confirming the cause of the symptoms, as the lack of water or light, as well as the lack of nitrogen, are involved in turning the leaves yellow.
10- Excessive fertilization leads to the burning of the roots and death of the plant. Therefore, this concentration must be treated quickly through frequent irrigation.
Reminder: Do not forget that each fertilizer box is written on the method of its use and the proportions that determine its quantity, follow it as it is written, and you may see using half the specified amount and doubling the fertilization dates, so there is nothing wrong with that, as it may be useful with certain plants and a good catalyst for them to grow in an excellent way.
Whether you are interested in home gardening, or you want an attractive and comfortable look for your home, owning your home garden should be one of your top priorities. Preparing your home garden does not take much time, so with little time, money, and effort, you can have the perfect home garden.
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