What is Vermicompost?
Vermicompost is a Latin word with two parts. Fermi means worm, and compost means fertilizer, so the meaning of this word is worm fertilizer.
Vermicompost is considered one of the most luxurious types of organic fertilizers in the known world until now and it consists of:
- The waste products that result from eating organic matter are called worm casting.
What is the Difference Between Compost and iron Compost?
It is the decomposition of organic matter, whether animal or plant residues, and it is poor in terms of major and minor elements, and it alone is not sufficient to feed the plant, and there are also microscopic pathogens in compost,
It is the result of a digestive process after the complete decomposition of the organic matter, in addition to the ability of the worms to overcome and digest the harmful residues in the organic matter, and this fertilizer alone is sufficient to meet the needs of the plant from the major minor elements and also works to facilitate and skew the solid elements present in the soil, making it easier for the plant to absorb it. And take advantage of it.
For example, when you add 500 kilograms of vermicompost to the field soil, it is better than ten tons of regular compost. The elements of vermicompost easily dissolve in water, compost elements that do not dissolve in water and the plants cannot use them easily.
The effect of vermicompost appears within a very short period from the beginning of its use, and it may be less than a week. As for the compost, its effect appears after a much longer period.
Vermicompost does not provide the plant with what it needs from the major and minor elements only,
Read More: Domestic Compost: How to Prepare it at Home?
Rather, it provides the soil with a very large group of bacteria that have multiple important functions for the plant, i.e., more precisely, it supplies the soil with factories for the manufacture and creation of nutrients, growth regulators, and materials to resist soil pests in the soil itself, which restores the soil’s vitality again.
The sardine (Vermicompost) contains an antibiotic and fungi such as Actinomycetes, which increase the level of the plant’s biological resistance against insects and diseases, thus reducing the need for spraying pesticides.
Earthworms ingest soil contaminated with minerals, by coating mineral particles with a type of protein called metallocene.
Types of Earthworm for Gardening and Farming:
It is a worm that lives almost on the surface of the soil, and you will often see it under the fallen leaves of trees seeking shade, and it belongs to the kind of twisted red worm used by most of the worm breeders in the world.
- It is a worm that lives in the middle of the soil at depths of up to
- 60 cm and digs itself occasional tunnels in the soil and moves in no order
- In the soil, such as the African crawler worm, which is one of the best types of worms in the world to produce vermicompost fertilizer
- It is a worm that lives in great depths of soil, and it burrows
- It has deep vertical tunnels, and may reach two meters, and exit
- At night to eat from the surface or near the surface, and belong
- For this type of earthworm, the big head worm, and no
- This type of worm is used for the purpose of producing vermicompost
- Why earthworm brother farmer?
- The earthworm is used in many fields, due to its great benefits, and some of its uses include:
1- Producing high-quality organic fertilizer at no cost.
2- Converting agricultural soil from sterile soil to fertile soil.
3- Safe disposal of waste.
4- Transitioning from gardening and agriculture that depends on chemicals that polluted the soil, and then plants, humans, and most of the living organisms mainly, to agriculture that uses high-quality, safe organic fertilizer for every living organism.
Read More: How to Determine The Composition of Soil?
Types of Earthworm for Vermicomposting
1. Vermi Mel
By using it to feed fish, poultry, and livestock, as it contains a high protein content estimated at 65%, by mixing worms with special ingredients.
2. Vermi Sutkal
It is a science of pharmacology and it is based on extracting components from worms and using them in medicines for treatment, and for example, scientists extracted the enzyme (laminate), which causes blood flow and dissolves clots, and recently scientists discovered a treatment for cancer using earthworm, depending on the ability of the worm. In killing microscopic pathogens inside her body.
3. Vermi Remission
It is summarized in the use of worms to filter and reclaim lands contaminated with minerals or chemicals to get rid of soil pollution by earthworms.
4. Fermi Cuisine
The worm itself as food as it contains protein in a high percentage, and the scientists conducted several studies in which they studied the use of African tribes, South America, China, and Japan for worms as food by mixing it with other meat and the benefits resulting from that, and he had recipes taught in schools to learn cooking, but the matter went beyond making Japanese into capsules They mentioned many benefits for it, and it is sold at astronomical prices!
Read More : Domestic Compost: How to Prepare it at Home?
What Do Worms Offer to your Farm Brother Gardening?
Several functions of the worm, namely:
- Mixing and stirring the soil.
- Soil aeration.
- Adjusting waterproofing.
- Improve and control soil acidity.
- Distribute minerals evenly in the soil.
- Add nutrients to the soil.
- Analysis of animal and plant remains.
- Increasing and even multiplying the number of beneficial microbes several times.
Note, worms feed on household waste, cardboard paper, orange peel, tangerine, etc., and these wastes are ground into a gizzard or worm gizzard, and here they are now excreted
For More Information See this Video: