Table of Contents
- 1 Domestic Compost: How to Prepare it at Home?
- 1.1 Compost, the Wealth of the Garden
- 1.2 A good Composting
- 1.3 I Make My Own Compost
- 1.4 The Advantages of Doing its Own Compost
Domestic Compost: How to Prepare it at Home?Domestic Compost: How to Prepare it at Home?
Compost, the Wealth of the Garden
Recycle your organic waste and leftover food, as nature does, by composting. You will thereby limit the amount of waste thrown out to be burnt in incinerators, you will save money and you will bring a natural fertilizer to your garden which will cost you nothing, instead of buying a chemical industrial fertilizer. Not only will you produce a natural fertilizer for your plants, but you can also use it as mulch for your banks, or as a substratum for your plantings or in your vegetable patch.
Be careful, however, of the quantity you use as this compost is concentrated and may burn the roots of your plants. You should, therefore, mix it well with soil before spreading it.
You don’t necessarily need a composter to produce compost. Some local government offices or waste management agencies offer free composters. Check them out or else make one yourself. Simply make a heap in a corner of your garden. There even exists small composters for apartments which can be placed on the balcony.
The maturation period lasts from 9 to 12 months generally and can be accelerated by adding nettle slurry if needed. Put all your organic waste in it, and grind certain branches and leaves before adding them. Use a grinder or a lawnmower to break them down into small bits – this will help them decompose quicker. At home, all your leftovers can be put into the composter – vegetables, fruit stones, eggshells, and even cardboard from paper rolls or toilet paper, corrugated cardboard without colored print (get rid of sellotape and staples, then tear the cardboard into small strips).
Compost is the wealth of the garden. By adding it to your soil you will quickly notice the development of microfauna which in turn helps decompose and ventilate the soil, and your plants will be particularly grateful for their abundant blossoming!
A good Composting
The ingredients needed for a good breakdown of your compost are the following:
- heat, which allows a good development of bacteriae.
- humidity. If the compost heap dries out in hot weather, add water
- air, which is essential for the bacteriae and fungi needed for decomposition. Turn your compost over every month. By doing so you will renourish the bacteriae by bringing the incompletely decomposed organic material on the outside of the heap into the heart of the compost
- insects like dung worms (they can be identified by their prominent rings), which play a big part in the decomposition process. Hold onto them!
- a lid or an opaque cover will increase the heat and maintain the humidity. This will also incite the worms to rise to the top of the heap.
The decomposition process gives off between 50°C and 70°C of heat. This heat destroys most viruses as well as the seeds of weeds.
You can buy compost decomposition activators or put a layer of nettles (without seeds) on top or use a nettle slurry.
Your compost will be ready for your plants after about six months of decomposition. Don’t use all of it. Leave some good compost and its worms – these will repopulate the compost with good bacteriae. If you use compost which isn’t completely decomposed, mix it with some soil. If you don’t, some of your plants may die.
Some local government offices sell composters at a reduced price. Call them for information on the subject.
I Make My Own Compost
I Make My Own Compost
Almost everything can be used
Most organic waste can be composted.
A Natural Process :
Compost is a fermented blend of organic and mineral residue, used as fertilizer for the vegetable patch, the ornamental garden or for potted plants. It can be made at the bottom of the garden, in a heap or in a composter. It can even be produced on the balcony in a worm composter which respects approved environmental norms.
Waste which can be used in my compost :
Household waste in general: paper towel, wood ash, sawdust, wood chips, indoor plants, etc….
Kitchen waste: vegetal peel (except that from citrus fruit), eggshells, coffee dregs, paper filters, dairy products, cheese crusts, vegetable leaves, rotten fruit and vegetables, bones, fishbones, etc…
Garden waste: grass clippings, leaves, wilted flowers, weeds, etc…
Around one-third of the waste in French bins can be composted.
The Advantages of Doing its Own Compost
Several followers of home composting will tell you that they are also always fascinated by the wonderful metamorphosis, which operates under their eyes. See Materials, which are regarded as waste, transform, literally in an extraordinary amendment that is the compost… is almost magic. For some, it is equally captivating that the transition of the Chrysalis to the graceful butterfly or yet the transformation of the toad into a beautiful prince. But, apart from this side fascinating, three excellent reasons should convince you to begin or to continue this tremendous activity that is the home composting. This is the protection of the environment, the cost savings and quality control of the finished product. The organic materials compostable such as residues of kitchen and garden alone represent on average 40 % of the volume of the garbage bag.
Materials Will be Processed in Composting
According to the way in which these materials will be processed, they become waste or resources. While the composting process contributes to stabilize the constituents, organic materials that take to the road from incinerators and landfill sites contribute to producing biogas some of which are responsible for the greenhouse effect. Similarly, the leachate water produced by the decomposition of the organic materials is an important source of pollution of the soil, since these entail with them of contaminants. Finally, the transport of thousands of tonnes of organic waste by truck also creates pollution. Do his compost, it is without a doubt a concrete gesture for the protection of the environment and at the same time to teach our children or grandchildren a concrete practice which will future responsible citizens.
The Economic Advantage of Compost
The economic advantage of home composting is also very convincing. Considering that the cost of a bag of compost quality commercial, having a weight of 15 kg, is located around five dollars and that, on the other hand, a family of four persons generates on average 672 kg of organic matter is compostable by year, it is 336 kg of compost (the composting process reduced by 50% the quantity of organic matter due to the loss of water), which can be manufactured by year, or the equivalent of 22 bags of compost commercial, for an economy of approximately $110 per year. Of course, this economy will be of as much interesting if the investment related to the composting system is reasonable to this effect, we will see later that it is possible to manufacture a composter at low cost.
Another very good reason to do his compost is that we exercise direct control over the quality of the product. In fact, when it manufactures its own compost, it uses only the correct ingredients, it can, therefore, attest to the quality of the finished product, which is not at all clear in the case of compost commercial. The next section discusses the ingredients that it is possible for composting as well as those that it is better to avoid. Finally, when we think of all the benefits that offer the home composting, it is difficult to understand why so few people engage in this.
The compostable materials are usually classified into two categories, either the brown materials (rich in carbon) and green materials (rich in nitrogen). You will understand the reason for this differentiation in section 5 which deals with the methods of manufacture of compost. Note that the terms “green” and “brown” do not necessarily make reference to the color of the ingredient (although several meet these qualifiers), but rather to its category. Of course, it is not necessary to use all the materials in the list that follows. However, it is desirable to employ at least one ingredient of each of the two categories. Of course, the more you will introduce different materials, the more your compost will be rich in mineral elements.