Regional United State Guide to Native Trees

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Regional United State Guide to Native Trees

Regional Guide to Native TreesRegional Guide to Native Trees

Planting a tree can be a deeply satisfying act, a commitment to the future of the place where it will grow. Choose a tree that’s native to the region and your rewards multiply. Natives are likely to thrive in your conditions with minimal attention after the first two or three years. They provide the food and shelter local wildlife depends on. Native trees have survived thousands of years of climate extremes, they have reached equilibrium with their environment, and most of them learned to cope with native pests or they would not still be here. This is truly organic!

Why Plant a Native Tree?

Ecologically, trees perform many functions that help people and animals. Trees absorb airborne pollutants like CO2, ozone, carbon monoxide gas, and sulfur dioxide. Trees also trap airborne dust particles. One large tree can produce enough oxygen to support up to four people. Trees reduce erosion by slowing rainfall and holding water within their systems, they then release moisture into the air. Trees cool the air by intercepting and diffusing the sun’s rays. Trees also provide food and shelter for several sorts of wildlife also as people.

food economically, trees provide savings in energy costs and better land values. Trees growing on the south and west sides of your home will shade it through the summer months and will lower cooling costs by 10-15%. Likewise, evergreens growing on the windward of a home act as a windbreak, lower heating costs. This successively lowers the demand for energy sources, which benefits the entire community. Trees also add property value by increasing curb appeal. land values can increase 5-20% with a well-treed lot.

Socially, trees provide enjoyment and wonder to our community. They inspire the civic spirit, environmental awareness, and have positive effects on the human psyche. Studies have shown that hospital patients recover faster if their room offers a view of trees! Trees also can be wont to screen unpleasant views and to assist direct pedestrian and vehicular traffic.

Native Trees And Shrubs

Like trees, shrubs play a crucial role in ecosystems. As plants of smaller stature than trees, they often occupy mid-story habitat, early stages of succession, and/or specific ecosystems with resource limitations, just like the tundra or desert. The presence or absence of certain shrubs significantly influences wildlife. Research conducted in Alaska, for instance, found that the kinds of shrubs (including their height), and their numbers, lured differing types of insects, which in-turn attracted differing types of migratory songbirds.open_in_new This finding is vital as pressures like habitat loss, environmental degradation, and global climate change still put pressure on plants and wildlife. Certain shrubs are going to be more or less resilient to environmental changes and their presence or absence will have an ecological consequence.

Ornamental non-native shrubs, like Burning Bush (Euonymus alatus) and Barberry (Berberis vulgaris), are frequently planted in residential neighborhoods, apartments, office buildings, or urban green spaces. These nonnative plants, some of which become invasive, are often selected for his or her showy foliage or fruit, ability to thrive across planting zones, and/or easy maintenance.

The benefits of native trees and shrubs extend beyond those provided to wildlife and into ecosystem services that improve human-built environments. Trees and shrubs decrease erosion, create shade, filter air, offset heating and cooling needs if properly placed,open_in_new and save municipal money by mitigating flood-causing stormwater runoff.open_in_new These qualities benefit human lives in urban areas where properly planted and maintained trees and shrubs are encouraged.

Here’s a list of native tree species that grow well in different regions of the United States:

Common Name Botanical Name Relative
Mature Size
NORTHEAST    
Birch, yellow Betula alleghaniensis Large
Birch, sweet B. lenta Medium
Hawthorn, dotted Crataegus punctata Small
Hawthorn, Washington C. phaenopyrum Small
Maple, mountain Acer spicatum Small
Maple, red A. rubrum Large
Maple, striped A. pensylvanicum Small
Maple, sugar A. saccharum Large
Oak, black Quercus velutina Large
Oak, northern red Q. rubra Large
Oak, white Q. alba Large
Pine, eastern white* Pinus strobus Large
Pine, pitch* P. rigida Medium
Pine, red* P. resinosa Large
Sumac, smooth Rhus glabra Very small
Sumac, staghorn R. typhina Small
SOUTHEAST    
Birch, river Betula nigra Large
Birch, roundleaf B. uber Medium
Hawthorn, green Crataegus viridis Small
Hawthorn, mayhaw C. aestivalis Small
Hawthorn, parsley C. marshallii Small
Maple, chalk Acer leucoderme Small
Maple, Florida A. barbatum Large
Oak, live (subevergreen) Quercus virginiana Large
Oak, scarlet Q. coccinea Large
Oak, swamp chestnut Q. michauxii Large
Oak, willow Q. phellos Large
Pine, longleaf* Pinus palustri Large
Pine, table mountain* P. pungens Medium
Pine, Virginia* P. virginiana Medium
Sumac, winged Rhus copallina Small
Sumac, smooth Rhus glabra Very small
MIDWEST    
Birch, gray Betula populifolia Medium
Birch, river B. nigra Large
Hawthorn, cockspur Crataegus crus-galli Small
Hawthorn, frosted C. pruinosa Small
Maple, black Acer nigrum Large
Maple, red A. rubrum Large
Oak, bur Quercus macrocarpa Large
Oak, chinkapin Q. muehlenbergii Large
Oak, northern pin Q. ellipsoidalis Large
Oak, swamp white Q. bicolor Large
Pine, red* Pinus resinosa Large
Pine, shortleaf* P. echinata Large
Pine, white* P. strobus Large
Sumac, smooth Rhus glabra Very small
Sumac, staghorn R. typhina Small
Sumac, winged R. copallina Small
SOUTHWEST    
Birch, water Betula fontinalis (syn. B. occidentalis) Small
Hawthorn, Cerro Crataegus erythropoda Small
Hawthorn, river C. rivularis Small
Oak, Buckley’s Quercus buckleyi Small
Oak, Emory Q. emoryi Large
Oak, Rocky Mountain Q. gambelii Medium
Oak, silverleaf Q. hypoleucoides Medium
Pine, Apache* Pinus engelmannii Large
Pine, limber* P. flexilis Large
Pine, piñon* P. edulis Small
Pine, ponderosa* P. ponderosa var. scopulorum Large
Maple, ash-leaved (box elder) Acer negundo Medium
Maple, canyon A. grandidentatum Medium
Maple, Rocky Mountain A. glabrum Small
Sumac, evergreen Rhus virens Very small
Sumac, prairie R. lanceolata Very small
FAR WEST    
Birch, western paper Betula papyrifera var. commutata Medium
Hawthorn, black Crataegus douglasii Small
Maple, bigleaf Acer macrophyllum Large
Maple, sierra A. glabrum var. douglasii Small
Maple, vine A. circinatum Small
Oak, blue Quercus douglasii Large
Oak, California black Quercus kelloggii Large
Oak, canyon* Quercus chrysolepis Large
Oak, coast live* Quercus agrifolia Large
Oak, garry Quercus garryana Large
Oak, valley Quercus lobata Large
Pine, gray* Pinus sabiniana Medium
Pine, Jeffrey* P. jeffreyi Large
Pine, shore*  P. contorta Small
Pine, western white* P. monticola Large
Sumac, smooth Rhus glabra Very small

 


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