Regional United State Guide to Native Trees

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Regional United State Guide to Native Trees

Regional Guide to Native TreesRegional Guide to Native Trees

Planting a tree can be a deeply satisfying act, a commitment to the future of the place where it will grow. Choose a tree that’s native to the region and your rewards multiply. Natives are likely to thrive in your conditions with minimal attention after the first two or three years. They provide the food and shelter local wildlife depends on. Native trees have survived thousands of years of climate extremes, they have reached equilibrium with their environment, and most of them learned to cope with native pests or they would not still be here. This is truly organic!

Why Plant a Native Tree?

Ecologically, trees perform many functions that help people and animals. Trees absorb airborne pollutants like CO2, ozone, carbon monoxide gas, and sulfur dioxide. Trees also trap airborne dust particles. One large tree can produce enough oxygen to support up to four people. Trees reduce erosion by slowing rainfall and holding water within their systems, they then release moisture into the air. Trees cool the air by intercepting and diffusing the sun’s rays. Trees also provide food and shelter for several sorts of wildlife also as people.

food economically, trees provide savings in energy costs and better land values. Trees growing on the south and west sides of your home will shade it through the summer months and will lower cooling costs by 10-15%. Likewise, evergreens growing on the windward of a home act as a windbreak, lower heating costs. This successively lowers the demand for energy sources, which benefits the entire community. Trees also add property value by increasing curb appeal. land values can increase 5-20% with a well-treed lot.

Socially, trees provide enjoyment and wonder to our community. They inspire the civic spirit, environmental awareness, and have positive effects on the human psyche. Studies have shown that hospital patients recover faster if their room offers a view of trees! Trees also can be wont to screen unpleasant views and to assist direct pedestrian and vehicular traffic.

Native Trees And Shrubs

Like trees, shrubs play a crucial role in ecosystems. As plants of smaller stature than trees, they often occupy mid-story habitat, early stages of succession, and/or specific ecosystems with resource limitations, just like the tundra or desert. The presence or absence of certain shrubs significantly influences wildlife. Research conducted in Alaska, for instance, found that the kinds of shrubs (including their height), and their numbers, lured differing types of insects, which in-turn attracted differing types of migratory songbirds.open_in_new This finding is vital as pressures like habitat loss, environmental degradation, and global climate change still put pressure on plants and wildlife. Certain shrubs are going to be more or less resilient to environmental changes and their presence or absence will have an ecological consequence.

Ornamental non-native shrubs, like Burning Bush (Euonymus alatus) and Barberry (Berberis vulgaris), are frequently planted in residential neighborhoods, apartments, office buildings, or urban green spaces. These nonnative plants, some of which become invasive, are often selected for his or her showy foliage or fruit, ability to thrive across planting zones, and/or easy maintenance.

The benefits of native trees and shrubs extend beyond those provided to wildlife and into ecosystem services that improve human-built environments. Trees and shrubs decrease erosion, create shade, filter air, offset heating and cooling needs if properly placed,open_in_new and save municipal money by mitigating flood-causing stormwater runoff.open_in_new These qualities benefit human lives in urban areas where properly planted and maintained trees and shrubs are encouraged.

Here’s a list of native tree species that grow well in different regions of the United States:

Common NameBotanical NameRelative
Mature Size
NORTHEAST  
Birch, yellowBetula alleghaniensisLarge
Birch, sweetB. lentaMedium
Hawthorn, dottedCrataegus punctataSmall
Hawthorn, WashingtonC. phaenopyrumSmall
Maple, mountainAcer spicatumSmall
Maple, redA. rubrumLarge
Maple, stripedA. pensylvanicumSmall
Maple, sugarA. saccharumLarge
Oak, blackQuercus velutinaLarge
Oak, northern redQ. rubraLarge
Oak, whiteQ. albaLarge
Pine, eastern white*Pinus strobusLarge
Pine, pitch*P. rigidaMedium
Pine, red*P. resinosaLarge
Sumac, smoothRhus glabraVery small
Sumac, staghornR. typhinaSmall
SOUTHEAST  
Birch, riverBetula nigraLarge
Birch, roundleafB. uberMedium
Hawthorn, greenCrataegus viridisSmall
Hawthorn, mayhawC. aestivalisSmall
Hawthorn, parsleyC. marshalliiSmall
Maple, chalkAcer leucodermeSmall
Maple, FloridaA. barbatumLarge
Oak, live (subevergreen)Quercus virginianaLarge
Oak, scarletQ. coccineaLarge
Oak, swamp chestnutQ. michauxiiLarge
Oak, willowQ. phellosLarge
Pine, longleaf*Pinus palustriLarge
Pine, table mountain*P. pungensMedium
Pine, Virginia*P. virginianaMedium
Sumac, wingedRhus copallinaSmall
Sumac, smoothRhus glabraVery small
MIDWEST  
Birch, grayBetula populifoliaMedium
Birch, riverB. nigraLarge
Hawthorn, cockspurCrataegus crus-galliSmall
Hawthorn, frostedC. pruinosaSmall
Maple, blackAcer nigrumLarge
Maple, redA. rubrumLarge
Oak, burQuercus macrocarpaLarge
Oak, chinkapinQ. muehlenbergiiLarge
Oak, northern pinQ. ellipsoidalisLarge
Oak, swamp whiteQ. bicolorLarge
Pine, red*Pinus resinosaLarge
Pine, shortleaf*P. echinataLarge
Pine, white*P. strobusLarge
Sumac, smoothRhus glabraVery small
Sumac, staghornR. typhinaSmall
Sumac, wingedR. copallinaSmall
SOUTHWEST  
Birch, waterBetula fontinalis (syn. B. occidentalis)Small
Hawthorn, CerroCrataegus erythropodaSmall
Hawthorn, riverC. rivularisSmall
Oak, Buckley’sQuercus buckleyiSmall
Oak, EmoryQ. emoryiLarge
Oak, Rocky MountainQ. gambeliiMedium
Oak, silverleafQ. hypoleucoidesMedium
Pine, Apache*Pinus engelmanniiLarge
Pine, limber*P. flexilisLarge
Pine, piñon*P. edulisSmall
Pine, ponderosa*P. ponderosa var. scopulorumLarge
Maple, ash-leaved (box elder)Acer negundoMedium
Maple, canyonA. grandidentatumMedium
Maple, Rocky MountainA. glabrumSmall
Sumac, evergreenRhus virensVery small
Sumac, prairieR. lanceolataVery small
FAR WEST  
Birch, western paperBetula papyrifera var. commutataMedium
Hawthorn, blackCrataegus douglasiiSmall
Maple, bigleafAcer macrophyllumLarge
Maple, sierraA. glabrum var. douglasiiSmall
Maple, vineA. circinatumSmall
Oak, blueQuercus douglasiiLarge
Oak, California blackQuercus kelloggiiLarge
Oak, canyon*Quercus chrysolepisLarge
Oak, coast live*Quercus agrifoliaLarge
Oak, garryQuercus garryanaLarge
Oak, valleyQuercus lobataLarge
Pine, gray*Pinus sabinianaMedium
Pine, Jeffrey*P. jeffreyiLarge
Pine, shore* P. contortaSmall
Pine, western white*P. monticolaLarge
Sumac, smoothRhus glabraVery small

 


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