Choose St Augustine Grass Seed for Great Lawn
If you’re looking for a lush, green lawn that can stand up to the hot, humid climate of the southern United States, St. Augustine grass may be the perfect choice for you. This popular warm-season grass is a top pick for homeowners and landscapers alike, thanks to its durability and beauty. But if you’re thinking about planting St. Augustine grass seed, there are a few things you need to know first.
In this article, we’ll take a closer look at St. Augustine grass, including its benefits and drawbacks, how to plant it, and how to care for it. Whether you’re a seasoned gardener or a first-time lawn owner, this guide will give you all the information you need to create a thriving St. Augustine grass lawn.
St. Augustine Grass –
The grass is greener in St. Augustine and one reason is that most southern lawn grass is the St. Augustine grass. St. Augustine is a dark green grass with broad, flat blades. It spreads by above-ground runners and forms a dense layer of grass.
St. Augustine is one of the most shade-tolerant warm-season grasses, thriving beneath the partial shade of large trees, shrubs, and structures. Low- to medium-maintenance grass forms a thick, carpet-like lawn, crowding out most weeds and other grasses.
It is great for hot temperatures; it is also aggressive and dense. St. Augustine grass is tough, coarse, and mat-forming. TSt. Augustine grass spreads quickly and can be started with either grass plugs or sod patches.
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If you look for bags of St. Augustine Grass Seed, you’ll have a hard time finding it. St. Augustine grass does not produce a very marketable seed. Recent developments have given the public a seed but it is still better to start with sod or grass plug.
In the hottest part of summer, raise the mowing height, and don’t mow at all if you’re experiencing a season of drought. St. Augustine grass will knit itself into a tight turf that naturally resists weeds if you fertilize properly.
St Augustine Seeds Varieties
There are many varieties of St. Augustine grass seeds available, each with its own unique characteristics. Some of the most popular varieties include:
- Floratam: This is the most common variety of St. Augustine grass, and it is known for its shade tolerance, disease resistance, and low maintenance requirements. It is a good choice for lawns in the southern United States, where it can thrive in a variety of soil conditions.
- Seville: This variety is known for its tolerance to drought and salt, making it a good choice for lawns in coastal areas. It is also relatively shade-tolerant.
- Raleigh: I know This varietyI know This variety for its resistance to chinch bugs, a common pest of St. Augustine grass. It is also relatively drought-tolerant.
- CitraBlue: This variety is known for its blue-green color and its resistance to gray leaf spot, a fungal disease that can damage St. Augustine grass.
- Palmetto St Augustine: I know This variety for its shade tolerance, disease resistance, and low maintenance requirements. It is a good choice for lawns in the southern United States, where it can thrive in a variety of soil conditions.
When choosing a variety of St. Augustine grass seed, it is important to consider your specific needs and conditions. If you are not sure which variety is right for you, be sure to consult with a local lawn care professional.
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It smothers weeds, as the grass grows so thick. The grass has aggressive above-ground runners called stolons that can grow ¾ inches per day laterally. In addition, iron in fertilizer will give you the maximum green color that lawn enthusiasts desire. Fertilization is best done in Spring, Summer, and Fall.
Early in Spring, your St. Augustine lawn needs a weed and feed pesticide that will kill broadleaf that is already up and growing and stop new weed seeds from germinating. Also in late spring, you should use fertilizer and pest control if it is needed. You should use lawn fertilizer in the summer and insect control but only as needed.
In the early fall, St. Augustine grass should be winterized with a winter conditioner. If your lawn’s pH level is discovered to be too low, then lime should be added in late winter or early spring. It is important to remember when fertilizing your lawn to use a fertilizer spreader to spread lawncare products evenly over your lawn.
Maintenance will depend on the temperature of the soil, water levels, and your mowing and fertilization schedule. If temperatures are cool, the grass will grow slower, and less mowing is required. St. Augustine grass needs to be regularly irrigated or watered to keep it healthy.
It requires two inches of water every seven days to preserve its green color and keep it from going dormant. If it does go dormant, it will green right up again as soon as it receives the moisture it needs. If you have more than ½ inch of dead stems and debris on the soil’s surface, you must thin and clear out the dead thatch for a healthy lawn. You should do this in the spring just before new growth begins. The root-growing season starts in April and goes through October.
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St. Augustine Grass Seed Pest and Diseases
Two pests cause damage to any lawn with St. Augustine grass. One is known as St. Augustine Decline, which is a virus, and the other is a bug called a chinch bug. These are tiny black insects with white wings. You will probably find them in the hot dry spots of your lawn. If you are unsure if you have them, you can make them come to the surface by soaking the spot with a bucket of soapy water. To repair spots damaged by the virus or the chinch bugs you will need to plant sprigs of a resistant strain of St. Augustine grass such as Floratam or Flora lawn.
Chinch bugs are a common pest that can cause significant damage to St. Augustine grass lawns. These tiny insects feed on the grass blades and inject toxic saliva that can cause the grass to turn yellow and eventually die. Chinch bugs are most active during hot, dry weather, and can be identified by their distinctive black and white markings.
To control chinch bugs, apply an insecticide to your lawn that is specifically formulated for chinch bug control. It is important to follow the instructions on the label carefully and apply the insecticide at the recommended rate.
Sod webworms are another common pest that can damage St. Augustine grass lawns. These caterpillars feed on the grass blades and can quickly cause extensive damage if left untreated. Sod webworms are most active during the summer months and can be identified by the small, white moths that fly up when the grass is disturbed.
To control sod webworms, apply an insecticide to your lawn that is specifically formulated for sod webworm control. It is important to follow the instructions on the label carefully and apply the insecticide at the recommended rate.
Armyworms are another pest that can cause damage to St. Augustine grass lawns. These caterpillars feed on the grass blades and can quickly cause extensive damage if left untreated. Armyworms are most active during the fall months and can be identified by the large, brown moths that fly up when the grass is disturbed.
To control armyworms, apply an insecticide to your lawn that is specifically formulated for armyworm control. It is important to follow the instructions on the label carefully and apply the insecticide at the recommended rate.
Brown patch is a common disease that can affect St. Augustine grass seed lawns. This fungal disease is most common during periods of warm, humid weather, and can cause the grass blades to turn brown and die. Brown patch is often caused by over-watering or poor drainage.
To control brown patches, it is important to reduce watering and improve drainage in your lawn. In severe cases, an antifungal treatment may be necessary to prevent further damage.
Gray Leaf Spot
Gray leaf spot is another fungal disease that can affect St. Augustine grass seeds. This disease is most common during periods of hot, humid weather, and can cause the grass blades to turn yellow and develop small gray spots. Gray leaf spot is often caused by over-fertilization or poor soil quality.
To control gray leaf spots, it is important to reduce fertilization and improve soil quality in your lawn. In severe cases, an antifungal treatment may be necessary to prevent further damage.
Take-All Root Rot
Take-all root rot is a fungal disease that can affect St. Augustine grass lawns. This disease is most common during periods of warm, wet weather, and can cause the grass to develop blackened roots and eventually die. Take-all root rot is often caused by over-watering or poor soil quality.
Check with your county extension to see how and when to control both problems best. So after reading what we have mentioned here on the lawn, it is up to you to provide your verdict as to what exactly it is that you find interesting here. A lot of effort was put into the creation of this site on the lawn. You can repay this effort by enjoying it.
Benefits of St. Augustine Grass
St. Augustine grass is a popular choice for lawns in the southern United States and for good reason. Here are some of the benefits of this popular grass:
1. Thrives in Warm, Humid Climates
St. Augustine grass is well-suited to the hot, humid climate of the southern United States. It is heat-tolerant and can grow well in areas with temperatures ranging from 70 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit.
While St. Augustine grass does require regular watering, it is more drought-tolerant than some other warm-season grasses. This means that it can survive periods of dry weather without suffering too much damage.
3. Soft and Lush
St. Augustine grass has a soft, lush texture that makes it ideal for walking and playing on. It is also a great choice for homes with children or pets, as it can stand up to heavy foot traffic.
4. Resistant to Weeds and Pests
St. Augustine grass is naturally resistant to weeds and pests, which means that it requires less maintenance than some other types of grass. This can save you time and money in the long run.
Drawbacks of St. Augustine Grass
While St. Augustine grass has many benefits, it also has a few drawbacks that you should be aware of before planting it on your lawn:
1. Requires Regular Watering
St. Augustine grass requires regular watering to thrive and can suffer if it doesn’t receive enough moisture. This means that if you live in an area with water restrictions or limited access to water, St. Augustine grass may not be the best choice for you.
2. Can Be Susceptible to Diseases
St. Augustine grass is susceptible to several diseases, including brown patches and gray leaf spots. If not properly cared for, these diseases can damage or kill your lawn.
3. Slow to Grow
St. Augustine grass is slow to establish and can take several weeks to germinate. This means that you may need to be patient as you wait for your lawn to grow.
How to Plant St. Augustine Grass
If you’ve decided that St. Augustine grass is the right choice for your lawn, here are the steps you need to take to plant it successfully:
1. Choose the Right Time
The best time to plant St. Augustine grass seed is in the late spring or early summer when temperatures are warm and the soil is moist.
2. Prepare the Soil
Before planting, you’ll need to prepare the soil by removing any weeds or debris and loosening the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches.
3. Plant the Seed
Spread the St. Augustine grass seed evenly over the soil, and then rake it lightly to ensure good seed-to-soil contact.
4. Water Regularly
After planting St. Augustine grass seed, it is important to water your lawn regularly. Keep the soil moist but not saturated, as too much water can lead to fungal diseases. Water your lawn deeply, at least once a week, to encourage deep root growth.
5. Fertilize Your Lawn
St. Augustine grass requires regular fertilization to thrive. Apply a high-nitrogen fertilizer to your lawn every six to eight weeks during the growing season. This will help promote healthy growth and a lush lawn.
6. Mow Your Lawn Regularly
To keep your St. Augustine grass lawn looking its best, it is important to mow it regularly. Set your mower to a height of 2 to 4 inches, and never remove more than one-third of the grass blade at a time. This will help promote healthy growth and discourage weed growth.
7. Control Weeds
While St. Augustine grass is naturally resistant to weeds, it is still important to control any weeds that do appear on your lawn. Use pre-emergent herbicide types in the spring to prevent weed growth, and pull any weeds that do appear by hand.
8. Address Pest Problems
St. Augustine grass is susceptible to several pests, including chinch bugs and sod webworms. If you notice any signs of pest damage in your lawn, such as yellowing or brown patches, treat the problem as soon as possible to prevent further damage.
St. Augustine grass is a great choice for homeowners looking for a lush, green lawn that can stand up to the hot, humid climate of the southern United States. While it does require regular maintenance, including watering, fertilizing, and mowing, the benefits of a healthy St. Augustine grass lawn are well worth the effort. With proper care and attention, your St. Augustine grass lawn can provide years of beauty and enjoyment.
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How often should I water my St. Augustine grass lawn?
- You should water your St. Augustine grass lawn deeply, at least once a week, to encourage deep root growth.
When is the best time to plant St. Augustine grass seed?
- The best time to plant St. Augustine grass seed is in the late spring or early summer when temperatures are warm and the soil is moist.
How often should I fertilize my St. Augustine grass lawn?
- You should fertilize your St. Augustine grass lawn every six to eight weeks during the growing season, with a high-nitrogen fertilizer.
How can I control weeds in my St. Augustine grass lawn?
- Use a pre-emergent herbicide in the spring to prevent weed growth, and pull any weeds that do appear by hand.
What should I do if I notice pest damage in my St. Augustine grass lawn?
- If you notice any signs of pest damage in your St. Augustine grass lawn, such as yellowing or brown patches, treat the problem as soon as possible to prevent further damage.
6. best mowing height for st Augustine grass
St. Augustine grass is a warm-season grass that is commonly grown in the southern United States and other tropical or subtropical regions. The ideal mowing height for St. Augustine grass can vary depending on several factors, including the specific cultivar, soil type, and climate conditions. However, a general guideline for mowing St. Augustine grass is to maintain a height of 3-4 inches (7.6-10.2 cm) for most varieties.
Mowing St. Augustine grass too short can stress the grass and make it more susceptible to disease, pests, and drought. Additionally, taller grass can help to shade the soil and retain moisture, which can be beneficial in hot and dry conditions. However, allowing St. Augustine grass to grow too tall can also create problems, as the lower portion of the grass blades can become shaded and die off, leading to a thatch buildup and increased risk of disease and pest infestations.
In general, it is best to mow St. Augustine grass seed frequently enough to maintain a healthy height, but not so frequently that you are removing more than one-third of the blade length at a time. This can help to promote healthy growth and reduce the likelihood of stress or damage to the grass. Additionally, it is important to keep your mower blades sharp and to mow when the grass is dry to prevent tearing or damaging the grass blades.
7. best grass seed to mix with St Augustine
Mixing St. Augustine grass with other grass species can be tricky, as St. Augustine is a warm-season grass that prefers different growing conditions than many cool-season grasses. Additionally, St. Augustine is a vigorous grower that can quickly outcompete other grass species, making it difficult to establish a mixed lawn.
If you are looking to mix St. Augustine grass with other grass species, it is important to choose grasses that are compatible with St. Augustine’s growing conditions and growth habits. One option to consider is Bahia grass, which is also a warm-season grass that is commonly grown in the southern United States. Bahia grass has a deeper root system than St. Augustine and can help to improve soil health and reduce water usage.
Another option to consider is Zoysia grass, which is a warm-season grass that is also commonly grown in the southern United States. Zoysia grass is known for its dense growth habit and tolerance to heat and drought, making it a good companion for St. Augustine in areas with high heat and humidity.
It is important to note that mixing grass species can be challenging and may require careful planning and maintenance to ensure that both species can thrive together. Additionally, it may be helpful to consult with a lawn care professional or a local horticulturist to determine the best grass species for your specific growing conditions and lawn care needs.
- Combination mulch and fertilizer repairs St. Augustinegrass 60% faster with results 15 days after application ( vs. untreated control, results may vary)
- Mulch: Absorbs 6x its weight in water and expands to surround the seed in a moist protective layer
- Fertilizer: Exclusive controlled release technology feeds to promote growth and establishment of St. Augustinegrass
- Ready-to-use lawn repair mix covers up to 85 sq. ft.
- Scotts EZ Patch Lawn Repair for St. Augustine Lawns does not contain grass seed
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