Table of Contents
- 1 How to Make Potting Soil For your Garden?
- 1.1 How to Make Potting Soil
- 1.2 Potting Soil Benefits
- 1.3 Potting soil Terms
- 1.4 Gardening Tips for Potting Soil in Gardens
- 1.5 Use a Large Bag with Small Holes
How to Make Potting Soil For your Garden?How to Make Potting Soil For your Garden?
How to Make Potting Soil
Impressive garden, but who made your dirt?
Your Basic Potting Mixture
Use for potting rooted cuttings started in sand
- 2 parts sharp sand
- 1 part loam
- 1 part leaf mold
Try replacing leaf mold with peat moss if the plant is acid tolerant.
Potting Soil for Mature Plants
Plants like the garden geranium, fuchsias, chrysanthemums, and palms grow well in this mixture.
- 1 part sharp sand
- 2 parts loam
- 1 part leaf mold or hummus
- 1/2 part dried cow manure
- A 5-inch flower pot of bone meal
Plants such as begonias, ferns, and primulas need the humus or leaf mold doubled.
Azaleas, Ericas, Daphne, and some ferns like a little peat moss.
- 2 parts sharp sand
- 2 parts loam
- 2 parts peat moss
- 1 part leaf mold or hummus
- 1/3 part dried cow manure
For the tougher ones
Cacti and succulents thrive in this one.
- 2 parts sharp sand
- 2 parts loam
- 1 part broken flower pots or small pieces of soft brick
- 1/2 part leaf mold or hummus
- A 5-inch pot of bone meal
- A 5-inch pot of ground limestone
Acquiring these ingredients may be something of a chore, but once you have them on hand you’ll be fully prepared for any potting need. Remember to clean pots thoroughly before planting and to soak new clay pots for several hours (or weeks for the meticulous gardener) so they won’t steal water from the plants.
If you suspect that maybe having all the materials for every different type of potting soil is too much, many commercial varieties are available. Foxfarm offers a first-rate potting soil based on earthworm castings and bat guano. Pro-mix is an indoor and outdoor potting soil made from peat moss. Aussie Gold has created an organic soil that is insect resistant and will not compact on your plants’ root systems. These brands are all affordable and offer professional results to those who aren’t looking for complete autonomy in their garden.
Potting Soil Benefits
Use potting soil to save time when providing suitable soil for different kinds of plants.
- Organic matter retains moisture and improves drainage.
- Soil provides weight and minerals.
- Ferns require more moisture retention.
- More porous soil is better suited to succulents, including cactus.
Soil straight from the garden may be too densely compacted for use in container plantings, especially houseplants, with little room for air or water. Soil-less potting mixes contain no dirt, but may include peat moss, vermiculite or perlite and offer the added advantage of low disease risk for plants. Their lightweight property may cause difficulties with smaller containers in windy areas.
Potting soil components
While there are no standards for content, packaged potting soil mix has typical components:
- Dirt or mud.
- Organic matter – like peat moss, compost, worm castings, ground bark.
- Vermiculite – silicate material for air space and drainage.
- Perlite – volcanic material, lightweight provision for air and drainage.
- Fertilizer – typically slow release for extended benefit.
To create a general use, economical potting soil combine:
- EITHER 3 parts ground bark with 2 parts potting soil and 1 part perlite,
- OR 2 parts peat moss with 1 part potting soil and 1 part perlite.
Combine 2 parts peat moss to 1 part potting soil and 1 part vermiculite to make potting soil for ferns.
Compost, rich in organic matter, can successfully be used for potting soil. Adding material to increase its porosity may be necessary. Materials used to create beneficial air pockets in potting soil include:
Due to its fluoride content, avoid perlite in the soil for peace lilies and spider plants.
Use of Potting Soil for Best Results
In general, roots should occupy 75% of the container soil. Potting soil must balance moisture retention between watering or rains and sufficient drainage to keep roots from submersion in standing water.
When adding potting soil, do not tamp down around the plant as this reduces air capacity and drainage capability. Monitor plants and add another inch of soil when needed. Replenish the top two inches of soil each spring. Remove any mulch before applying replenishing soil.
Be sure packaged potting soil is sterilized – meaning no weeds or insects.
Have soil that needs to be sterilized? Here’s a simple method to assure clean soil. Place soil in a shallow pan with a raw potato in the center. Bake in the oven until the potato is thoroughly cooked.
How much to buy?
- Typically sold in dry quart or cubic foot amounts.
- One cubic foot, nearly 26 dry quarts, will fill 2 to 3 one-gallon containers.
Uses beyond houseplants:
- Window boxes.
- Outdoor container plantings for flowers or vegetables.
- Work into the soil for flowerbeds or garden vegetables that prefer lighter soil.
Using Potting Soil for Versatile Container Plantings
If it can hold enough soil and provide drainage when over watered, it can become a planting container. Planting in containers offers the opportunity to create ideal conditions for plants that may not be regional natives or to maintain a themed indoor or outdoor décor with plant groupings and accents.
- Carefully select soil to address moisture and drainage needs.
- Stone mulch at the surface and at the bottom of the container for optimum drainage prevent over-saturation with standing water.
- Be sure to maintain these conditions even after the plants are established.
- Besides decorative foliage and flowering plants, favorite fruits and vegetables successfully grow in containers.
- Containers can be rearranged or moved to provide a home or garden with flexibility in use and appearance.
Potting soil Terms
Not to be confused with your charcoal briquettes, adding this fortifies your soil with potassium salts and will raise the pH significantly. It is mostly used for facilitating drainage and air circulation. Obviously, avoid in soils with adequate potassium and high pH levels.
The compost pile rouses intense passion for proud gardeners. Throw your organic kitchen garbage, herbivore animal waste, and a ton of chopped dried leaves and assorted yard waste in a bin. A committed grower can churn out good compost in about a month, but most will take at least a year.
Arguably interchangeable with compost. Humus is simply the dark organic matter left after decomposition. It is too dense to be used as potting soil by itself, mix it with sands and minerals for a looser texture.
This is used on soil with excessively high pH levels. Dolomitic limestone contains calcium and magnesium carbonate, so it should be reserved for acidic soils low in magnesium. Most gardeners use calcitic limestone to lower the pH levels in soils, it supplies necessary calcium as well.
The term used for a quality soil used in compost or a base for potting soil. Sand, clay, and fiber will all be present in good loam.
A valuable asset is renowned for its ability to retain air and water. Peat moss is partially decomposed sphagnum moss or sedge and is used in making both compost and potting soil. Also known as Feat Moss or simply Peat.
You’ve seen these little white grains in the soil before. They are a porous mineral included aiding in retaining moisture and air.
What makes a potting soil anyway? It should be light, loose and sterile. Of course, it is rich in nutrients but differs from topsoil in density due to the presence of several non-binding elements like coarse sands and minerals.
A lightweight rock that will float on water and is often employed as an abrasive for cleaning and polishing. For potting soil it functions like vermiculite or perlite, retaining water and allowing drainage.
Yet another handy mineral, heated to expand and form a lightweight granule that soaks up water and air. Also referred to as “mica.”
Gardening Tips for Potting Soil in Gardens
I’m going to show you how to make potting soil first you need one part coconut Quarrier, the coconut core is to provide moisture since it retains water and also to provide air pockets for the roots to obtain oxygen from.
you can Biden compress form it and add water for it to expand and ready to use bags it is a sustainable substitute for peat moss the best option is to buy pH neutral salt-free coke.
if you are unsure about the salt content you can simply rinse it a few times the easiest way to do this is to get a five-gallon pail drill holes in the bottom using a 4, 5, 6 drill bit for drainage you also want to drill holes on the sides near the bottom using a 4,6,8 drill bit place.
The drill pill in another five-gallon pail place the coco corner in it and if it’s too big like this one break it in half and then place it in and then add water mix and drain repeat this at least three times.
Use a Large Bag with Small Holes
you can also use a large bag with small holes in it or even a burlap sack you also need one part where make you light or greater than one part per light depending on the type of potting soil you are trying to achieve.
They both have moisture retaining properties which include liquid fertilizer but my murky light more so than perlite, more importantly, they both increase the drainage of the potting soil especially perlite while only.
when the mixture contains greater than 1 part perlite use vermiculite for tropical plants or seed germination and perlite for uses such as propagating cuttings or you can experiment and use a mixture of both.
I am going to be using one part where Mikula as a side you can also increase drainage by using coarse sand finally you’re going to need one or two parts compost now, get a large container and add the cocoa Koya the vermiculite and compost and mix thoroughly furthermore you can modify the mix for your needs by adding fertilizers and/or minerals such as calcium and magnesium there you go, guys, that’s how you make a general potting mix.
For more information watch this video: