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How to Grow Garlic in your Garden?
If you’d like to grow garlic, you’ll be happy to learn that it is very easy to do. A member of the allium family, garlic is related to onions, leeks, and shallots and is grown from individual cloves. It is used in many recipes to enhance flavor and is reputed to reduce high blood pressure, as well as provide other health benefits. Legend has it that a necklace of garlic will ward off vampires.
Garlic leaves grow above ground but the actual bulb of garlic remains under the soil while growing. It grows well in most climates during warm weather and can easily be grown in containers all year around. There are numerous garlic varieties, the most popular of which is commonly called “elephant garlic” because the bulb is several times larger than smaller varieties.
To grow garlic, you will need individual cloves of garlic — sections of the bulb. Each of the cloves will grow one garlic plant and develop one single bulb. Each bulb will contain multiple cloves, often as many as 15 to 20. If planting outdoors, select a location which gets lots of sun and the soil is well drained.
Plant garlic cloves approximately one inch below the soil. Be sure to space the cloves about four inches apart to allow plenty of growing space. If you choose to plant rows of garlic, each row should be about 1-1/2 feet apart.
Traditionally, garlic is planted on the shortest day of the year which is the winter solstice. Planting later in the spring can produce bulbs which are smaller. There are lots of sources which recommend other times to plant garlic but many gardeners will tell you that the winter solstice is the best day to get your garlic growing well.
To determine when to harvest garlic, you simply wait for the leaves of the plant to turn brown and die. This indicates the bulbs are their maximum size but have not begun to split. Simply dig up the mature bulbs of garlic, discarding the top of the plant into your organic compost bin or your lawn debris.
After harvesting, garlic must dry to prevent rot. This process is as important as the process of growing garlic. Tie the bulbs together with string and hang them in a dry, cool location for about one week. Then the bulbs can be taken down and any dirt brushed off. Do not wash your dried garlic until you are ready to use it in a recipe.
Growing Garlic Indoors
Growing garlic indoors is one of the best ways for beginners to learn some basic principles of indoor growing.
Garlic is one of the easiest plants to grow whether indoors or outdoors.
Information to getting Started Growing Garlic Indoors in your Home
Choosing & Planting the seeds
What you need to know about which seeds you should pick for the best crop.
Garlic plants usually grow from separate cloves of the bulb.
There are two main types of garlic: White and pink. White is usually a lot more easy to grow indoors and will usually grow faster.
Garlic will do well in almost any soil provided you allow enough depth for the roots to grow.
Plant cloves 3 inches apart or 3 inches away from any other plants and 2 inches deep.
Provide adequate drainage so that the roots do not get waterlogged.
Light & Temperature
How to provide the correct environment for your plants to ensure growth.
Garlic will tend to grow in almost any light. As long as you provide a window that gets plenty of light.
As with a lot of plants, the growth will only be improved by longer durations of bright light, but it is possible to bring plants to maturity by providing just a few hours of sunlight every day. This can also be supplemented with some fluorescent lighting as well.
Temperature is not a big factor for growing garlic, as the plants can survive in all but the coldest conditions
Watering techniques specifically for garlic.
Garlic is a plant that will thrive on being allowed to become dry and then given a good watering. When the plant is growing to be about 1ft high, then you should prolong the periods of time between watering the plant. Watering methods like this will make the bulb of the plant grow whilst slowing the growth of the stems.
Feeding & Nutrition
How to make sure that your plants get all the nutrients that they need in order to survive and produce harvests!
You should not need to feed your garlic plant at all.
How to collect your fruit safely and how to maximize crop growth for the future.
The garlic is ready when the stems of the plant have stopped growing altogether and they have dried out and wilt. Just pull the garlic gently from the soil. Leave it to dry in a cool spot that receives indirect sunlight then remove the roots and the stems before storing.
Growing garlic indoors is very easy as long as you follow these guidelines.
Tips to grow bigger garlic cloves
If you want, to grow bigger garlic cloves you need to do the following:
Be sure you are starting with the biggest cloves in the bulb only. Remember, in this case, the size DOES matter!
- Garlic loves the sun. So plant it in the sunny areas.
- Make sure the soil is well drained. Otherwise, garlic will root.
- Fertilize it. Garlic loves manure. Some people say that chicken manure giver great results but I didn’t try it yet.
- Don’t forget to weed garlic.
- Remove scapes or garlic false seedheads. Otherwise, they will take energy and power from your garlic cloves. By the way, garlic seedheads are delicious when young! You can cook them in oil and enjoy their great taste!
Harvest garlic in the right time! The right time to harvest garlic is when the bottom three leaves are brown.