How to Start an Organic Garden?How to Start an Organic Garden?
Organic garden with vegetable gardening is very rewarding and whether you live in the countryside, in the city, or in the suburbs, you can enjoy homegrown vegetables
We are gonna a brand new garden, if this is your garden, I recommend that you start small. The worst thing that can happen is that you bite off more than you can chew.
Autumn has chosen this 20×20 space, but if you only have 5×10, that’s fine too!
Site Selection and Sunlight
Site selection is important, you need a minimum of 6 hours of sunlight per day for vegetables and preferably more. If you’re not sure how much sun you get, you can use one of these Suncalc Sunlight calculators and be sure you’ve chosen the right spot.
Avoid snuggling your site up against tall trees, their roots can affect the vegetable growth. And if you do have trees, be sure that you have a clear southern exposure.
A very important consideration is your water source, do you have a hose bib or some other way to connect your irrigation that’s close by to your site?
A major part of organic gardening is healthy, rich soil, in order to know how to build your soil, a soil test is critical a soil test is going to tell you exactly what your garden already has, and what it needs.
The next Ste pis soil preparation, and you can prepare the soil by either using a tiller, a broad fork, or a digging fork.
If your soil is less compacted, broad forking, or using a digging gork, can be substituted for tilling.
This really only needs to be done initially.
Use organic compost
Once you’ve tilled or worked the soil with a fork, its time to add some good old organic compost, which teaming with beneficial microbes.
Next, you going to build your soil beds by digging out the dirt from the pathways and putting it on the bed, until the bed is about 6-8 inches in height.
The next step is to grade the bed, and if you want to add some fertilizer per the soil test results, now is the time to do it.
3-4 foot wide beds are a better use of a home gardener’s space than narrow rows like you would see on a farm.
In addition, wide beds give your plant’s roots more room to spread out.
To prevent weeds from growing in the pathways, you can put down cardboard or newspaper.
Just put in down in the pathways and then water it soi t gets real heavy.
Make sure that the pieces of cardboard overlap.
After wetting down your cardboard, just add about a 2-3 inch layer of straw
Irrigation of your Vegetables Garden
Water the whole garden area thoroughly. We’ve disturbed the soil so much that the weed seeds are gonna come to the surface and germinate.
While you’re waiting for the weeds to germinate, you can start setting up your drip irrigation system.
A couple of days later, come back using either the Hori Hori weeder rooter, stirrup hoe, or a collinear hoe and take out any young weeds.
Repeat this process a couple more times before you plant.
If you have deer, rabbits, or other wildlife, I highly recommend a deer fence, Otherwise, all your hard work is going to be a donation to the local wildlife! This deer fencing is relatively inexpensive and easy to install.
Time to Plant
It’s finally time to plant the certified organic vegetable starts and seeds. You planting these peas and they grow really tall, so you gonna stake them with the bamboo.
And you must be planting them to the north of the garden so that they don’t shade out the other lower-growing plants like the radishes you going to plant from seed.
Liquid fish and kelp are great fertilizers to help your little plants thrive. They are often applied as a foliar spray, so make sure you have a good sprayer with a fine-tip nozzle.
So enjoy your little garden and grow organic for life!
Guide to Growing Organic Food
Lots of gardeners love organic gardening techniques as a means of growing a bounty of edible, delicious crops, never using any of the man-made fertilizers or chemicals. Organic growing methods benefit wildlife because many of the chemicals used by some gardeners cause an imbalance in nature’s food chain because of garden run-off.
Growing flowers organically produce blooms and foliage that are just as beautiful as when using chemicals. Growing food for your family organically guarantees produce that tastes better and you’ll know exactly how it was grown. It is not hard to change the way you garden. At first, it might feel a little daunting, but you will reap long-term benefits.
Here are ten ways to begin organic gardening:
To promote healthy plant growth, good soil is required. Composted bark, leaf mold, and garden compost can be amended into the soil or spread over the surface where worms and weather will get it into the soil. The bulk with which you amend the soil will create better drainage in heavy soil and let dry soil hold moisture and nutrients much better.
2. Make your own compost
Peelings, pruning’s, old flower heads, tea bags, and even small pieces of newsprint can become rich, nutrient-filled compost. Just fill a compost bin with a mixture of both brown and green material, always avoiding the use of only green items such as lawn clippings, and the mixture will become a smelly sludge. Get the biggest compost bin you can fit into your garden. If the bin is small, try a compact, neat worm bin.
3. Choose the right plants
Sturdy plants are not as prone to pests or disease, so choose plants to grow that fit your garden location and soil. Select plants that are naturally disease-resistant varieties, such as tomatoes like “Feline” which is blight-resistant or “Resistafly” carrots that resist the carrot fly.
4. Control weeds naturally
Reduce weeds by spreading a thick layer of bark mulch mixed with composted straw and leaf mold over your soil. If weeds do sneak in, pull them before they get a chance to set seed. You can compost weed seedlings but don’t incorporate tough weeds with big root systems in the compost bin because they will reproduce in the heap of compost.
5. Control insects naturally
If you have pest problems you can use biological controls bought from mail-order suppliers. There are many available, including tiny parasitic wasps that can be used to control whitefly in greenhouses and a microscopic worm that kills vine weevil grubs.
6. Make wildlife work for you
When your plants are attacked, resist the urge to reach for a chemical spray. You can, instead, make a garden haven for birds, insects, and animals and they will take care of any pest problems for you. Welcome hedgehogs and toads which devour slugs and snails, invite lacewings and ladybirds which devour the greenfly. Install some bug boxes and habitats’ for these creatures to hibernate inside.
7. Control diseases naturally
Rotate crops by switching the position of various crops each year to avoid building up the disease in the soil. Don’t let your plants become dried out because they will be stressed and will be more likely to succumb to the disease.
8. Try companion planting
Grow plants with strong scents beside food crops so the pests will be confused to attracted away from the food crops. One example is planting French marigolds around tomatoes to avoid whitefly infestations. strongly scented plants alongside crops so they either confuse pests or attract them away from the vegetables. For instance, plant French marigolds near tomatoes to deter whitefly.
9. Patrol your garden
Inspecting plants often can prevent major trouble. If a few greenflies are present, squish them before they become a real outbreak. Prune away diseased plant parts before the disease can spread.
10. Learn to live with imperfection
When gardening the organic way, you want your plants to thrive, but lean to accept the odd leaf that’s nibbled and be ready to sacrifice some seedlings or fruits. This way you will learn to garden without fertilizers and chemical pesticides.
For more information watch this video:
Table of Contents
- 1 How to Start an Organic Garden?
- 2 Guide to Growing Organic Food
- 2.1 1. Improve your soil
- 2.2 2. Make your own compost
- 2.3 3. Choose the right plants
- 2.4 5. Control insects naturally
- 2.5 6. Make wildlife work for you
- 2.6 7. Control diseases naturally
- 2.7 8. Try companion planting
- 2.8 9. Patrol your garden
- 2.9 10. Learn to live with imperfection