Basic knowledge about proper tree care helps tree owners understand the quality of care required for the health of their trees.
Trees can offer a lot of benefits. They provide shade for neighborhoods and help cut down energy costs. They can also increase the value of one’s property, reduce soil erosion and air pollution, and offer comfortable habitat for various wildlife. What’s more, trees can add beauty as well as a soothing and serene vibe.
But unfortunately, some people tend to forget that trees need enough care in order to survive. Proper tree maintenance is very important to ensure continued growth.
Nevertheless, if you’re a novice gardener and want to make sure that trees receive good care, then keep on reading. Here is a compilation of tree care tips you need to keep the trees growing healthy and strong:
For newly planted trees, make sure to water them right away. In the first couple of growing periods, baby trees are expending lots of energy since they are trying to get their roots set in the soil. But trees may have a hard time dealing with drought and heat, particularly in the first few summers. Fortunately, novice gardeners can handle this issue by simply providing water as well as covering the soil.
It’s also worth mentioning that, while insufficient water is not good for the trees, excessive water is also bad. One of the common tree care mistakes among novice gardeners is over-watering. Keep in mind, soggy is not the same as moist, and you can gauge this by feel. Also, damp soil that tends to dry for a short time allows enough oxygen to permeate the soil.
To check the soil’s moisture level, you can use a trowel and then insert it into the ground with about two-inch depth and move the trowel’s blade back and forth in order to make a tiny narrow trench and then use your fingers to touch the soil. If it’s moist to touch, it means the trees have enough water.
Prune At the Right Time
After planting trees, you will need to prune them carefully. You can use pruning tools to get rid of branches that are damaged or broken, dead, or crossing another branch.
Pruning can offer a lot of benefits. For instance, it prevents the trees from distributing energy to the growing branches that are meant to die. By getting rid of these branches, the trees will supply their energies to restored limbs.
When it comes to the right time to prune trees, you need to do it before the growing period starts, after the initial planting. However, when you’re pruning, you will need to take into account the overall form of trees. Nevertheless, as long as you remove unnecessary branches, you are actually doing your best to help the trees grow to their full potential.
However, when you notice that the trees have severe problems aside from having dead branches, there’s a possibility that tree removal is the best option. But make sure not to remove it right away. It means you will need to check the overall condition of the tree to see if you can take other actions.
Use Fertilizers For Tree Care
Fertilizers can add enough nutrients to the soil that can promote the vital growth you hope to see in the trees. But there is a debate in the community of gardening over whether fertilizers should be used in newly planted trees.
According to some gardeners, immediate fertilization is a necessary requirement for the early development of trees. While others claim the new trees need water and mulch during their first season.
But despite this debate, everybody seems to come to an agreement that fertilizers are crucial, particularly after the first growing periods. You will need to use fertilizer yearly, but it’s completely alright to do so later in the season after the trees enter their main winter stage.
Nevertheless, when choosing a fertilizer, you will need to pick the right one that is well suited to the species of trees you are taking care of. Remember, every tree has a unique need, and a wide variety of fertilizers reflect that.
But if you are having a hard time choosing, the safest decision you can make is to use all-purpose fertilizers or consult professional landscapers.
Protect The Roots and Trunks
Both heavy equipment and vehicles shouldn’t be permitted to drive through the root of the trees. These objects will compact soil, kill the roots, and reduce the availability of oxygen. Furthermore, you shouldn’t add or remove soil under tree canopies without the assistance of certified arborists. Changing grades can also weaken the trees and harm roots, which might kill them or make them more prone to damage.
Aside from the roots, you will also need to protect the trunks. Bumping into the tree with a lawnmower whipping its trunks with weed-eaters will damage the trunk and bark. This, in turn, will weaken the structure of the tree while inviting tree diseases and insects. For instance, younger trees are more prone but can be protected using plastic wraps that are usually available at garden centers and nurseries.
Mulching can help trees, especially the younger ones. This process can moderate temperatures, suppress weed, and retain soil moisture. Mulching can also help in preventing grasses from growing against the trunk directly, which is not good for trees.
For younger trees, you will need to maintain a three-inch layer of mulch around. And during spring, you will need to replenish the mulch. On the other hand, you will need to maintain mulch at least six inches away from the trunk. Remember, mulch heaped against the tree trunk will hold heat and moisture, making habitat for diseases, insects, and rodents.
Keep Grass Away
Grasses that are developing against the trunk will compete with the tree for nutrients, air, and water. Unfortunately, grasses win the competition most of the time. In particular, young trees grow poorly when the grasses are permitted to thrive right up against the trunk. To ensure that the trees will grow healthy, make sure to maintain a grass-free surrounding.
Final Say For Tree Care
Caring for trees and watching them grow can offer a very rewarding experience. Remember, it’s crucial to take care of the trees during their first few years so that they will establish strong roots as well as grow to be healthy and green. Hopefully, the above-mentioned tree care tips have helped you a lot.